DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.15926 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 15926: Left Atrial Pressure and H 2 FPEF Score in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Who Underwent Catheter Ablation

Jong Sung Park, Daehoon Kim, Moon-Hyun Kim, Je W Park, Hee Tae Yu, Tae-Hoon Kim, Jae-sun Uhm, BOYOUNG JOUNG, Moon Hyoung LEE, Hui-Nam Pak
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a common comorbidity in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients and contributes to AF progression and stroke risk.

Hypothesis: We explore the hemodynamic effects of left atrial pressure (LAP), which was directly measured during AF catheter ablation (AFCA), on HFpEF based on the H 2 FPEF score.

Methods: We included 1,426 patients (73.3% male, median age, 61.0 [54.0-68.0] years; 45.7% persistent AF) who underwent AFCA, LAP measurements at both AF and sinus rhythm (SR), echocardiogram, and H 2 FPEF score, and excluded the patients with EF <50%. We divided patients into low-risk (< 6 points) and high-risk ( 6 points) HFpEF groups and measured LAP-mean depending on heart rates 90, 100, 110, and 120 bpm during right atrial pacing (Pace-HR) and isoproterenol (ISO-HR) infusion in all patients.

Results: The LAP-mean was sequentially and significantly higher according to the H 2 FPEF score (p<0.001) and had an independent association with the high-risk HFpEF group (OR 1.37 per 10mmHg increase [1.13-1.67], p=0.001). LAP-mean increased significantly with increasing Pace-HR (90-120 bpm, 10.4 to 11.6 mmHg, p<0.001) but decreased with ISO-HR (90-120 bpm, 10.2 to 8.1 mmHg, p<0.001). In patients with paroxysmal AF, LAP-mean[AF] was significantly higher than LAP-mean[SR] (p<0.001), but not in those with non-paroxysmal AF (p=0.557). In patients with paroxysmal AF, ΔLAP-mean[Pace-HR, 120-90bpm] was significantly higher than that of non-paroxysmal AF (p<0.001).

Conclusions: LAP is independently associated with H 2 FPEF score and has inverse rate-dependent response depending on pacing or ISO infusion. Higher increase of LAP during AF or higher Pace-HR contributes to more severe symptoms in patients with paroxysmal AF than in non-paroxysmal AF.

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