DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.15908 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 15908: A Meta-Analysis Revealing an Association Between High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein Levels and Cognitive Impairment After 3-Months of Ischemic Stroke

Suvidha Manne, Sai Prasanna Lekkala, Adil S Mohammed, Priyatham Gurram, Nanush Damarlapally, Arankesh Mahadevan, Shabnam Abrishami, Chenna reddy Tera, Nishanth Katukuri, Maharshi Raval, Rupak Desai
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Cognitive impairment has a significant impact on functional recovery and quality of life in stroke patients. Given the emerging role of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) as a biomarker for predicting post-stroke cognitive decline, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate this association.

Methods: We systematically searched SCOPUS, PubMed, and Google Scholar databases until May 2023 using relevant keywords. Pooled effect sizes were estimated using a random-effects model, and I2 statistics and leave-one-out sensitivity analysis were performed to assess heterogeneity and robustness, respectively (p-value < 0.05 considered significant).

Results: The final analysis included five studies spanning the years 2018-2023, with a total sample size of 9,625 patients, all from China, and predominantly male (57.85%). The median follow-up period was 3 months. Patients with higher hs-CRP levels had a higher burden of smoking, alcohol consumption, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and lower education levels. The meta-analysis revealed an increased risk of cognitive impairment after ischemic stroke associated with higher hs-CRP levels (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.15; 95% CI: 1.01-1.30, p - 0.03). Substantial heterogeneity was observed among the studies (I2 = 79.23%; p < 0.01). However, a leave-one-out sensitivity analysis confirmed the robustness of the findings, indicating that no single study strongly influenced the overall results.

Conclusion: This meta-analysis provides evidence of an association between elevated hs-CRP levels and cognitive impairment following ischemic stroke. However, the limited number of studies, mainly from a specific population, highlights the need for further research to enhance the generalizability of these findings.

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