DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.15875 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 15875: Immediate Complete Revascularization Reduces Recurrent Myocardial Infarction and Repeat Revascularization in Patients Presenting With Acute Myocardial Infarction

Alina Upreti, Sunil Upadhaya
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Studies have suggested that complete revascularization has better outcome compared with culprit-only revascularization for the treatment of enzyme-positive acute coronary syndrome. However, the optimal timing of complete revascularization remains unclear. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing immediate complete revascularization with staged revascularization in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with multi-vessel disease.

Methods: We systematically searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, PubMed and databases for RCT comparing immediate complete revascularization with staged revascularization in patients with enzyme-positive acute coronary syndrome. The pooled outcome were major cardiovascular adverse event (MACE), all-cause death, cardiovascular death, recurrent MI and repeat revascularization. The random effect and Mantel-Haenszel method was used to analyze the data. Heterogeneity was measured using I 2 .

Results: Five studies met the inclusion criteria ( 1187 patients in immediate complete revascularization group and 1176 patients in staged revascularization group). We did not find any significant difference in the rate of MACE (OR: 0.75 [95 % CI: 0.44-1.29] I 2 : 35%, p value = 0.30). Similarly, there was no significant difference in the rates of all-cause death (OR: 0.93 [95 % CI: 0.47-1.86] I 2 : 40%, p value = 0.84)and cardiac death (OR: 1.02 [95 % CI: 0.52-1.98] I 2 : 14%, p value = 0.96). However, immediate complete revascularization group had significant reduction in the rates of repeat revascularization (OR: 0.59 [95 % CI: 0.43-0.82] I 2 : 0%, p value = 0.002) and recurrent MI (OR: 0.52 [95 % CI: 0.32-0.84] I 2 : 1%, p value = 0.008). Subgroup analysis including STEMI patients only showed similar rate of MACE ((OR: 0.92 [95 % CI: 0.60-1.41] I 2 : 0%, p value = 0.70).

Conclusions: Our results suggest that immediate complete revascularization is safe. There was significant reduction in recurrent MI and need for repeat revascularization in patients undergoing immediate complete revascularization.

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