DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.15795 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 15795: Outcomes After Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices Among People With and Without HIV

Sophia Y Xiao, Anjali Thakkar, Yifei Ma, Matthew S Durstenfeld, Priscilla Y Hsue
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: The long-term outcomes of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIED) in people with HIV (PWH) is unknown despite higher rates of sudden cardiac death and heart failure in HIV.

Objective To compare outcomes between PWH and the general population who have CIEDs.

Methods: Retrospective cohort study of patients receiving care at two academic hospitals in San Francisco who got CIEDs (pacemaker, implantable cardioverter defibrillator, cardiac resynchronization therapy ± defibrillator) from 2000-2018. Since CIEDs were rarer in PWH than in those without HIV, we also did a nested case-control study. Case and controls were matched by age, sex, and CIED type. Death data was obtained from the National Death Index.

Results: We identified 3,268 patients who got CIEDs; 1% was PWH. In PWH at CIED implantation, mean HIV duration was 19 years, mean CD4 count was 449 cells/uL, 78% had undetectable viral loads, and all were on antiretroviral therapy. PWH were younger than the control (mean age 62 vs. 69 years, p < 0.01). Both groups had similar rates of hypertension, diabetes, CAD, smoking, and drug use, but more PWH had hepatitis C than the control (25% vs. 3.0%, p < 0.01). Both groups had a similar number of pacemakers (56% vs. 58%, p = 0.86) and defibrillators (44% vs. 39%, p = 0.56). Post-procedure, five (16%) PWH had lead failure or infection while nine (14%) controls had lead failure. One PWH with site infection reported IV drug use. Post CIED placement, median survival in years was 5.3 in PWH vs. 6.4 in controls. No strong association between HIV status and survival (HR 1.9 [95% CI 0.7 to 5.0]) was seen ( F igure ).

Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first study looking at survival post CIED between PWH and the general population. Our findings suggest that the number of PWH getting CIEDs remains low despite no definitive evidence of procedural complications; and that PWH have similar survival to those without HIV. More studies exploring barriers to CIED placement in PWH are needed.

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