DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.15728 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 15728: Incidence and Impact of Right Ventricular Dysfunction in the Outcomes of Septic Shock

Lekhya Raavi, Sadhana Jonna, Shahin Isha, Anna Jenkins, Abby Hanson, Arvind Balavenkataraman, Aysun Tekin, Vikas Bansal, sean M caples, Syed Khan, Nitesh K Jain, Rodrigo Cartin-Ceba, Bhavesh M Patel, Ricardo Diaz Milian, Carla P Venegas, Anna B Shapiro, Anirban Bhattacharyya, Sanjay Chaudhary, Sean P Kiley, Quintin J Quinones, Neal M Patel, Pramod K Guru, Pablo M Franco, Archana Roy, Devang Sanghavi
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Sepsis and its associated systemic inflammatory response syndrome in the heart can lead to septic cardiomyopathy. We aim to explore new onset cardiac dysfunction in septic shock patients and its association of right heart dysfunction with hospital outcomes.

Hypothesis: Early development of correct ventricular abnormalities due to septic shock may lead to worse hospital outcomes.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 102 patients who were hospitalized at the Mayo Clinic between August 2018 and September 2022 with septic shock and had at least one pre-sepsis echo (within one year before admission) and one post-sepsis echo (within seven days of access). Information on patient demographics, comorbidities, echo parameters, and outcomes was collected from our sepsis database and retrospective chart review. Categorical variables were described as percentages and compared by Chi-square test, and continuous variables as medians and compared using an independent sample t-test. Statistical analysis was performed using BlueSky Statistics v10.3.1.

Results: Our study included 102 patients with a median age of 68 (55, 78) years, the majority being men (68%) and Caucasians (80%). Between pre- and post-sepsis echos, there was a noticeable decrease in LVEF (60% vs 50.5 %; p=0.002). Moreover, there was an increase in reduced RV function (31.6% vs. 62.6%, p<0.001), reduced LV function (56.5% vs. 85.2%, p=0.048), and RV dilatation (35.8% vs. 51.5%, p=0.03). There was also a noticeable decrease in IVC collapsibility of more than 50% (65.9% vs 22.9%, p<0.001). There was no significance in terms of demographics, comorbidities, and baseline vitals and labs among patients with RV dysfunction and without RV dysfunction except for a lower LVEF (49% vs 62 %, p= 0.004) and decreased >50 % IVC collapsibility (14.5% vs 48%, p=0.005) in RV dysfunction group. We found no differences in hospital mortality, ICU and hospital LOS, or mechanical ventilation requirements amongst patients with RV abnormalities in function and size.

Conclusions: Our retrospective study shows that abnormalities in RV function and RV size are commonly observed in the initial week of septic shock. However, such RV abnormalities did not translate into worse hospital outcomes.

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