DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.15693 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 15693: Weekend Sleep Extension (Catch-up Sleep) is Associated With Lower Incidence of Coronary Calcium Score: The Elsa-Brasil Study

Érique José Peixoto de Miranda, Barbara Khonangz Parise, Ronaldo Santos, Soraya Giatti, Aline Nogueira Aielo, Lorenna Cunha, Wagner A Silva, Silvana Souza, Paulo A Lotufo, Isabela M Bensenor, Marcio Bittencourt, Luciano F Drager
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Insufficient sleep is a worldwide public health problem with potential cardiovascular consequences. Therefore, strategies aiming at improving sleep patterns are highly desired. Cross-sectional studies showed that weekend sleep extension (catch-up sleep) is associated with better glucose metabolism and cognitive function profiles, but longitudinal studies are lacking.

Hypothesis: Catch-up sleep may have protective effects on subclinical atherosclerosis.

Methods: In this prospective cohort study, we performed a 7-days wrist actigraphy for monitoring sleep duration and a sleep study to detect sleep apnea. Catch-up-sleep was measured by calculating weekend sleep duration (Friday-Saturday nights) minus weekday sleep duration (Sunday-Thursday nights). Coronary artery calcium, CAC (64-slice multi-detector computed tomography) was measured at two different time points throughout the study (baseline, between 2010-2014, and follow-up, between 2016-2018). Incidence of subclinical atherosclerosis was defined as baseline CAC=0 followed by CAC>0 at a 5-year follow-up visit. The association of incident CAC outcome was assessed using logistic regression adjusting for age, sex, race, body mass index, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, low- and high-density lipoprotein, use of statin, sleep apnea and interscan period). Analysis of incidence was Inverse probability censoring weighted.

Results: We analyzed 1,832 participants with available CAC scores at baseline (age: 48.8±8.0years; 57.8% women; 32.1% with sleep apnea). The mean sleep duration was 6.6±1.0 hours. Catch-up-sleep >90 minutes was observed in 28.0%. Incidence of CAC was 27/141 (19.1%) among subjects with catch-up-sleep >90 minutes and 326/1029 (31.7%) among those with catch-up-sleep ≤90 minutes (P<0.001). In covariate-adjusted analyses (n=1,170, follow-up=5.4±0.90 years), we found a lower incidence of CAC in those participants with weekend sleep extension >90 minutes (OR=0.62; 95% CI 0.52-0.74).

Conclusion: Catch-up sleep is independently associated with a lower incidence of CAC. These results underscore that catch-up sleep may mitigate the adverse cardiovascular effects of weekdays sleep restrictions frequently observed in our Society.

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