DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.15439 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 15439: Association of Vigorous Physical Activity With Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality in 136,766 Adults From High-Income, Middle-Income and Low-Income Countries: The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiological (PURE) Study

Scott Lear, SIDONG LI, Sumathy Rangarajan, Salim Yusuf
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: It’s recommended adults get 150-300 minutes of moderate physical activity (MPA) and/or 75-150 minutes of vigorous physical activity (VPA) per week. Some studies have found high VPA to be protective and others found it to be harmful. These studies have been conducted in high-income countries using recreational VPA as the exposure of interest.

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of VPA with all-cause mortality, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in countries at different economic levels.

Methods: Participants aged 35-70 years were recruited from 21 countries at various stages of economic development. Physical activity (total, walking, MPA, VPA, as well as recreational vs. non-recreational PA) was assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Primary clinical outcomes were the composite of mortality plus major CVD (CVD mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, or heart failure) and mortality. A total of 136,766 participants without baseline CVD, cancer, and HIV were analyzed. Models were adjusted for age, sex, urban/rural residency, country income level, education, household wealth index, smoking, baseline chronic diseases, physical impairments, MPA, walking and centre as a random effect.

Results: During the median follow-up of 11.5 (8.6-12.4) years, there were 9846 deaths and 7900 major CVD events. The median min/wk (IQR) for total PA, walking, MPA and VPA were 690 (250-1530), 40 (0-420), 330 (75-860), 0 (0-0). The mean VPA was 103±390 min/wk. Compared to no VPA, 150-299 minutes per week of VPA was associated with reduced risk for the composite outcome and mortality, HR = 0.82 (0.73,0.92) and 0.74 (0.64,0.86), respectively. When VPA was stratified into either recreational or non-recreational VPA, recreational VPA displayed a U-shape relationship, such that higher levels were associated with less benefit. Increasing non-recreational VPA continued to confer reduced risk even above 3000 min/wk. At any amount of moderate PA, higher VPA was associated with reduced risk for the composite outcome and mortality.

Conclusion: Higher levels of VPA were associated with reduced risk for mortality and major CVD events up to more than 40 times the minimum recommended amount. At no point did VPA confer an increased risk.

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