DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.15426 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 15426: Stress-Induced Transcriptomic Shift in Human iPSC-Derived Cardiomyocytes Carrying Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Associated MYH7 G256E Mutation

Paul Heinrich, Soah Lee, Alison S Vander Roest, Brock Roberts, Daniel Bernstein, Sean M Wu
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a monogenic disorder caused by heterozygous (HET) mutations in sarcomere genes such as MYH7. Recently, human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) carrying HET HCM mutations have shed new insights into the molecular mechanisms of HCM. However, it remains unclear whether the cellular phenotypes of low penetrant mutations such as MYH7 G256E and others, can be adequately elucidated.

Hypothesis: We hypothesize that the incorporation of cellular stressors can enhance the manifestation of pathogenic HCM phenotypes in low penetrant MYH7 mutations.

Methods: We generated HET and homozygous (HOM) hiPSC-lines for mutation G256E in the MYH7 locus, which is associated with HCM. We performed single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNAseq) with CellPlex technology on wildtype (WT), HET, and HOM iPSC-CMs at day 30 and 60 of cardiac differentiation to establish baseline cellular transcriptional phenotype. We then treated day 30 hiPSC-CMs with 1μM isoproterenol treatment for 5 days or glucose starvation for 10 days and performed scRNAseq to assess their transcriptional shift. Additional Digital Droplet PCR studies were performed to investigate the MYH7 mutant allele expression.

Results: In day 30 iPSC-CMs we detected a large clone-to-clone and batch-to-batch variability transcriptionally that obscured the identification of a consistent mutant phenotype in HET MYH G256E vs WT hiPSC lines. These phenotypes correlated with a 1:1 ratio of mutant vs WT allele expression. Implementation of long-term culture or treatment with isoproterenol or glucose starvation led to enhanced hypertrophic and oxidative phosphorylation gene expression in HET hiPSC-CMs. Intriguingly, the expression of MYH6 increased in MYH7-mutant hiPSC-CMs.

Conclusions: The application of cellular stressors can enhance the manifestation of hypertrophic phenotypes in HET MYH G256E hiPSC-CMs and suggests a potential mechanism for the variable penetrance of MYH7 mutations in HCM patients.

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