DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.15184 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 15184: Moderate-to-Vigorous Intensity Physical Activity and Incident Left-Sided Degenerative Valvular Heart Disease

ziang Li, Yongjian Wu
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Hypothesis: This study aimed to examine the impact of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) on the prevention of left-sided degenerative valvular heart disease (VHD) among middle-aged adults.

Methods: In the UK biobank study, data from wrist-worn accelerometer and physical activity questionnaires were utilized to assess the role of MVPA volume on the incidence of aortic valve stenosis (AS), aortic valve regurgitation (AR), and mitral valve regurgitation (MR). The primary cohort involved 90,865 participants ( median 8.1-year follow-up period) without prevalent VHD and heart failure, who wore accelerometers for one week. The validation cohort included 397,335 participants (median 13.8-year follow-up period) who completed physical activity questionnaires. MVPA volume was categorized according to the American Heart Association’s recommendation.

Results: Accelerometer-measured MVPA showed a curvilinear relationship with reduced AS risk, with the risk reduction plateauing above 300 min/week. Compared to no MVPA, those engaging in 150-299 minutes of MVPA per week showed the most significant risk reduction [1-149 min/week: adjusted hazard ratio (HR), 0.79 (0.58, 1.08); 150-299 min/week: HR, 0.52 (0.36, 0.75); ≥300 min/week: HR, 0.57 (0.39, 0.83)]. Similar results were found when repeating the above analyses in self-reported MVPA cohort, with a relatively smaller reduction in HR ratio [150-299 min/week: HR, 0.81 (0.73, 0.91)]. No significant association was found between the MVPA volume and the risk of AR and MR in both cohorts.

Conclusions: Meeting current MVPA recommendations (150-300 min/week) was associated with the lowest AS risk. Targeting adherence to accelerometer-measured MVPA thresholds may enhance AS risk reduction. Additionally, MVPA showed limited effectiveness in preventing valvular regurgitation, indicating distinct mechanisms between stenotic lesions and regurgitation lesions in degenerative VHD.

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