DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.15158 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 15158: Prognostic Impact of Right Ventricular-Pulmonary Arterial Coupling Ratio in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Hideaki Kanzaki, Yuki Irie, Makoto Amaki, Kensuke Takagi, Naonori Kawamoto, Satsuki Fukushima, Takeshi Kitai, Chisato Izumi
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is known as an important prognostic factor in heart failure. As reduced RV systolic reserve, RV contractility no longer increases against afterload, resulting in lower ratios of RV function to pulmonary artery (PA) pressure, known as RV-PA coupling ratios.

Hypothesis: The assessment of RV-PA coupling ratios provides prognostic information for patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).

Methods and Results: A total of 540 patients with TAVR (age, 84 ± 6 years; 186 men, 354 women) were included in this study. The RV-PA coupling ratio was calculated by dividing the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) by the PA systolic pressure (PASP) using transthoracic echocardiography before TAVR. Based on the median TAPSE/PASP (0.584 mm/mmHg), the patients were divided into two groups. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated a higher incidence of adverse cardiac events (cardiac death and heart failure hospitalization) in the group with a low TAPSE/PASP ratio (log-rank test, P <0.001). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, TAPSE/PASP was identified as an independent prognostic parameter (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.259; P = 0.028), whereas neither TAPSE alone nor PASP alone demonstrated any significant prognostic value.

Conclusion: The RV-PA coupling ratio serves as a prognostic predictor for adverse cardiac events in patients undergoing TAVR.

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