DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.15063 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 15063: Incidence and Risk Factors for Heart Failure in 20 000 Newly Diagnosed Diabetes Patients

Carl Lejonberg, Tomasz Czuba, Louise Bennet, Olle Melander, Maria F Gomez, Emma Ahlqvist, Gustav Smith
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Heart Failure (HF) is a diabetes complication causing high mortality and morbidity but has received relatively limited attention compared to other complications such as acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Substantial residual HF risk remains after achieving current treatment targets, suggesting important additional pathophysiological mechanisms beyond conventional risk factors.

Aim: to study the incidence and risk factors for HF in newly diagnosed diabetes patients.

Methods: We used a contemporary, regional inception cohort (n=19,938) from Scania County in Sweden, to study the incidence and risk factors for HF from initial diabetes diagnosis. Biochemical and questionnaire data were collected within 1 year from initial diagnosis in newly diagnosed diabetes patients (>90% participation rate). We combined baseline data with information on incident HF and AMI diagnoses from a nationwide patient register, and applied Cox-regression models for analysis.

Results: A total of 819 patients (4%) had been diagnosed with HF before diabetes diagnosis (median 3 years earlier) and 1245 (6%) with AMI. The cumulative incidence of HF in patients free from HF at diabetes diagnosis was 5%, similar to AMI (3%), during up to 13 years follow-up (median 5 years). Of patients with incident HF, 27% had a prior AMI. No type 1 diabetes (T1D) patient had incident HF, while HF risk was similar in type 2 diabetes, latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and secondary diabetes. In non-T1D diabetes patients, male sex (HR 1.52) and higher age at onset (HR 1.08), BMI (HR 1.04), and insulin resistance (HR 1.17) were independently associated with higher incidence of all-cause HF and HF without prior AMI (p<0.05). Baseline fasting glucose, HbA1c and autoantibodies were not associated with HF.

Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate high incidence of HF over the decade after initial diabetes diagnosis, comparable to AMI. We further identify insulin resistance, but not hyperglycemia or autoantibodies, as risk factor for HF.

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