DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.15060 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 15060: Inhibition of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and YAP/TAZ Signaling Protects Endothelial Function in Diabetes

Yan Zhou, Wai San Cheang
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Previous studies have demonstrated the role of Hippo pathway with its major effectors, Yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcription activator with PDZ binding motif (TAZ) in atherosclerosis. However, the involvement of YAP/TAZ signaling in diabetes-associated endothelial dysfunction remains unexplored.

Hypothesis: We hypothesized that activation of YAP/TAZ signaling links with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and contributes to endothelial dysfunction.

Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice were fed with high-fat diet, 45% kcal% fat for 15 weeks to induce obesity and diabetes. ER stress alleviator 4-phenylbutyric acid was orally administered for 4 weeks at 100 mg/kg/day. Vascular reactivity of mouse aortas was assessed by wire myograph. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured with risk factors such as high glucose and ER stress inducer tunicamycin. Western blot and immunofluorescent staining were performed to evaluate the expressions of protein targets.

Results: YAP/TAZ signaling was activated accomplished with ER stress in aortas from obese diabetic mice and in endothelial cells treated with risk factors. Chronic treatment with 4-phenylbutyric acid ameliorated endothelium-dependent relaxations as well as inhibited ER stress, YAP/TAZ signaling and oxidative stress in aortas. Phosphorylation of YAP at Ser127 was reduced in mouse aortic arch which was downregulated by ER stress alleviator. In HUVECs, ER stress alleviators significantly inhibited YAP/TAZ signaling and increased NO bioavailability but YAP inhibitor did not suppress ER stress.

Conclusions: ER stress activates YAP/TAZ signaling, resulting in endothelial dysfunction in diabetes. Inhibition of YAP/TAZ is vasoprotective and exhibits therapeutic potential against diabetic vascular complication.

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