DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.15044 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 15044: The Relationship of Pericardial Fat With Metabolic Change and Myocardial Remodelling Following Bariatric Surgery

Alessandra Maria Ardissino, George Joy, James D Crane, Kristopher D Knott, Joao B Augusto, Clement Lau, Anish N Bhuva, Andreas Seraphim, Amrit Chowdhary, Marianna Fontana, Sven Plein, Sasindran Ramar, Francesco Rubino, Peter Kellman, Hui Xue, Iain Pierce, Rhodri H Davies, James C Moon, Kennedy Cruickshank, Barbara M McGowan, Charlotte Manisty
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Pericardial fat is a cardiometabolic risk factor that can be quantified from routine cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) studies. However the extent to which this is modifiable, and its relationship with cardiometabolic markers remains unclear.

Aims: Determine the effect of bariatric surgery on pericardial fat and associate with cardiometabolic improvements post-surgery.

Methods: Thirty-eight people referred for bariatric surgery were assessed pre-operatively using CMR, blood biomarkers and anthropometry. Six months post-operatively, twenty-seven participants underwent paired follow-up assessments. Pericardial fat was quantified manually from routine short axis cine stacks by a single blinded clinical observer. Linear regression was used to assess the association of pericardial fat volume and cardiometabolic parameters, at baseline and changes pre- vs post-surgery.

Results: At baseline, pericardial fat volume was associated with multiple cardiometabolic parameters including weight (r=0.46 p=0.004), fasting insulin (r=-0.46, p=0.007) hepatic fat concentration (Hepafat) (r=0.37 p=0.029) and LV mass (r=0.38, p=0.019). Pericardial fat remained independently associated with waist circumference after adjusting for the above (β=0.68, 95% CI: 1.24,9.23, p=0.012). At 6 months post-bariatric surgery pericardial adipose tissue reduced by an average of 29% (95% CI: -21-36%, p<0.001). This change was associated with improvements in fasting insulin levels even after adjusting for changes in weight, Hepafat and LV mass (β=0.72, 95% CI: 0.15, 0.70, p=0.005).

Conclusion: Pericardial fat in obesity associates with multiple adverse cardiometabolic parameters, including waist circumference. Bariatric surgery causes a significant reduction in pericardial fat which associates with reduced insulin resistance, providing a potential modifiable mechanism to reduce cardiovascular risk in patients living with obesity.

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