DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.14918 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 14918: Apical Cardiomyopathy in a Transplanted Heart

Michael Killian, Timothy Barry, Said Alsidawi
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Case description: A 67 year old female presented for annual review to the transplant clinic 4 years post orthotopic heart transplant for nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. She was asymptomatic. Her medical history included hypothyroidism, hypertension, osteoporosis, restless leg syndrome and calcineurin inhibitor related complications - CKD 3b, impaired glucose tolerance and a left partial glossectomy with neck dissection for stage 3 SCC of the left lateral tongue. Medications included aspirin, atorvastatin, prednisolone, tacrolimus, septrin and ropinirole. Family history was significant for heart failure in her father. She was a nonsmoker and did not consume alcohol. Physical examination was unremarkable. Diagnostic tests are shown below.

Discussion: Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (ApHCM) has rarely been described in post cardiac transplant populations. Characterized by increased left ventricular apical wall thickness, it results in a ‘spade-like’ appearance on imaging and is associated with marked T wave inversion on ECG. ApHCM is associated with progression to heart failure, apical aneurysm, ventricular arrhythmias and increased mortality rates. Patients may be asymptomatic at diagnosis. Regarding screening, criteria exist for the selection of donor hearts pre transplant with caution exercised if LVH >13mm. Causes of non HCM hypertrophy in this population include calcineurin inhibitors, hypertension, obesity and graft versus host disease. Data for treatment for ApHCM is lacking however it follows the path of classical HCM, involving the use of beta and calcium channel blockers to reduce demand ischemia and management of sequelae.

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