DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.14874 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 14874: Trends and Disparities in Cardiovascular Death in Colorectal Cancer: A Population-Based Retrospective Study in the United States From 1999 to 2020

Zareh Ekmekjian, Min Choon Tan, Chrystina Kiwan, Min Xuan Tan, THEODORE R DACOSTA, jasjit walia, Joanne Mazzarelli, Addi Suleiman
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Overlap between cardiovascular diseases and colorectal cancer(CRC) has become more prominent with enhanced life expectancy. The data on cardiovascular deaths (CVDs) among those patients is not well-established.

Objective: This study sought to determine the longitudinal trends in mortality attributed to CVDs with comorbid CRC by race, sex, and region.

Methods: We queried the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Wide-Ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research database and performed serial cross-sectional analyses of national death certificate data for CVDs with comorbid CRC among patients aged 18 and above. Diseases of the circulatory system were listed as the underlying cause of death, and colorectal cancer as contributing cause of death. We calculated age-adjusted mortality rates (AAMR) per 1,000,000 individuals and determined the trends by using the Joinpoint Regression Program.

Results: In the 22-year study period, 77,094 CVDs with comorbid CRC were identified between 1999 and 2020. The AAMR from CVDs with comorbid CRC decreased significantly from 29.73 per 1,000,000 individuals in 1999 to 9.65 per 1,000,000 individuals in 2020 (p<0.05). The most common CVDs reported were ischemic heart disease (56%) and cerebrovascular disease (14%). Males had a higher AAMR compared to females (21.51 vs 12.53 per 1,000,000 individuals, p<0.05). African Americans had the highest AAMR (18.12 per 1,000,000 individuals), while the AAMRs for White populations, American Indian, and Asian populations were 16.28, 9.09, and 9.06 respectively. Rural areas had a higher AAMR than urban areas (18.25 vs 15.76 per 1,000,000 individuals, p<0.05).

Conclusion: The CVDs in patients with CRC have decreased significantly over the past two decades, with disparities seen in African Americans and rural regions. This highlights the importance of early screening among high-risk populations, and the importance of improving healthcare access in underserved populations.

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