DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.14709 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 14709: Association Between Esophageal and Cardiac Autonomic Dysfunction in Chagas Disease

Sandra M Dumont, Gabriela Paixao, Viviane S Marino, Bruno R Nascimento, Manoel Otávio C Rocha
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Chronic Chagas disease (ChD) may manifest as the indeterminate form, or with chronic cardiopathy (CCM), digestive or mixed forms. CCM is characterized by complex arrhythmias and sudden death, linked to autonomic dysfunction. Pathological involvement of the enteric nervous system triggers the development of the digestive form, and esophageal dysmotility may be another surrogate for dysautonomia. We aimed to assess the association between esophageal autonomic denervation and cardiac autonomic dysfunction in individuals in the indeterminate (ICF) and CCM forms of ChD.

Methods: Consented patients with serological diagnosis of ChD and ICF ( n = 30) and CCM ( n = 33) forms were enrolled. All patients underwent esophageal scintigraphy, and esophageal transit time (ETT) and percentage of esophageal emptying (%EE) were recorded. They also underwent 24h Holter monitoring, and heart rate variability (HRV) indices and burden of ventricular extrasystoles (VES) were revised by a cardiologist. The correlation between ETT, %EE and HRV indices ((SDNN (standard deviation of adjacent RR intervals), low and high-frequency power (LFP, HFP(ms)), in addition to the number of VES in 24h was assessed with the SPSS 23 software.

Results: 63 patients were enrolled, 54% women, with mean age of 58 years. Left ventricular ejection fraction was lower in the CCM group (44,0 ± 10,8 vs. 64,9 ± 6,6, p<0.001). Autonomic dysfunction showed a distinct pattern between ICF and CCM, with lower SDNN and LF/HF values in the CCM group (100,0 ± 49,9 vs. 124,6 ± 43,2, p=0.042 and 1,4 (0,9 - 2,2) vs. 4,5 (1,5 - 9,5), p<0.001, respectively). The CCM group also had higher 24h VES values (890,0 (120,0 - 2743,0) vs. 47,0 (1,7 - 395,7), p=0.002). There was significant inverse correlation between ETT and SDNN (ß=-0,449, p=0.001), LFP (ms) (ß=-0.288, p=0.025), HFP (ms) (ß=-0.368, p=0.004) and LH/FH (ß=-0.334, p=0.008) in the total sample. There was also a statistically significant and direct correlation between ETT and VES (ß=0.578, p<0.05) in the total sample.

Conclusions: ChD individuals with greater esophageal dysmotility showed a decrease in the oscillatory components of HRV and greater arrhythmic density, possibly as a result of more severe sympathetic and parasympathetic cardiac denervation.

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