DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.14654 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 14654: Contemporary Gender Differences in Clinical Outcomes of Patients With Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy - A United States National Inpatient Sample Database Analysis

Muhammad U Almani, Rasha Khan, Muhammad Qudrat Ullah, Anum Fatima, Audry Chacin Suarez, Raphael bonita, Behnam Bozorgnia
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is classically more prevalent in females, however whether gender differences exist in clinical outcomes of patients with TCM need further clarification. Given the lower prevalence of TCM in males, limitations of previous research included small sample size and demographic disproportion between groups. The purpose of our study is to analyze gender differences in clinical outcomes of TCM hospitalizations using national inpatient sample (NIS).

Methods: We searched the 2020 NIS for TCM hospitalizations using ICD 10 code I51.81. Multivariable logistic regression model adjusted for patient and hospital level confounders was used to compare the clinical outcomes between genders.

Results: We identified 41,290 TCM hospitalizations in 2020. Of these 19.9% were males (mean age = 63 years, mean charlson comorbidity index = 3.2) and 80.1% were females (mean age = 68 years, mean charlson comorbidity index = 2.7). Females had a lower risk of inpatient mortality (OR: 0.49, 95% CI 0.41-0.58, p < 0.001), cardiac arrest (OR: 0.58, 95% CI 0.43-0.79, p = 0.001) and cardiogenic shock (OR: 0.67, 95% CI 0.55-0.82, p < 0.001). There was no gender difference in the use of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), Impella assist system, or extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) Figure 1.

Conclusion: Our findings indicate that despite a higher prevalence of TCM in females, clinical outcomes were worse in males. In our analysis, there was no gender difference in the use of IABP, Impella or ECMO. Future research is needed to better understand clinical predictors of adverse cardiac events in male patients hospitalized with TCM to improve outcomes.

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