DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.14417 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 14417: Regional 4D Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Strain Associates With Late Gadolinium Enhancement in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Associated Cardiomyopathy

Conner C Earl, Larry W Markham, Jonathan H Soslow, Craig J Goergen
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Cardiomyopathy (CM) is the leading cause of death in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Onset and clinical progression are varied. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) can detect fibrofatty replacement prior to

decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) but requires administration of gadolinium contrast agents. Non-contrast
methods to characterize CM onset and progression could decrease scan time and exposure to gadolinium. Using a novel 4D (3D+time) regional strain analysis method,
we hypothesized that the regional magnitude of surface area strain (E a ) would be significantly decreased in DMD patients with LGE and that E a would correlate with decreased LVEF

Methods: Short-axis cine CMR images for 43 pediatric DMD patients (13.6 ± 4.2 years) were compiled into 4D sequences for regional strain analysis (Fig. 1A). For all 4D sequences, epi- and endocardial borders were segmented across one cardiac cycle for kinematic analysis using a custom-built MATLAB graphical user interface (MathWorks, Natick, MA). Regional E a was measured by determining the relative change in the localized 4D endocardial surface mesh compared to end-diastole. Unpaired t-test and Spearman’s rho were used to determine statistical significance and correlation.

Results: DMD patients had a range of CM severity: 13 with reduced LVEF of <55% (30% of total) and 28 with LGE (65% of total). Peak E a was significantly different between patients with and without LGE in the basal inferior ( p =0.022), basal inferolateral ( p <0.001), basal anterolateral ( p =0.002), mid inferolateral ( p =0.004), mid anterolateral ( p =0.018), and apical anterior ( p <0.032), regions (Fig.1B). Basal E a also correlated significantly with LVEF ( rho =-0.45, p< 0.001; Fig. 1C).

Conclusion: Regional E a from 4D CMR in DMD was reduced in patients with LGE compared to those without LGE particularly in the basolateral regions. Peak basal E a correlated with a reduction in LVEF.


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