DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.14398 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 14398: Predictors of Major Adverse Cardiac Events in Individuals With Left Bundle Branch Block and Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy: Analysis From the Derivate Registry

Joshua Mueller, Hanna Jensen, Samantha Robinson, Raffaele Abete, Giovanni Aquaro, Andrea Baggiano, Andrea Barison, Jan Bogaert, Giovanni Camastra, Samuela Carigi, Nazario Carrabba, Grazia Casavecchia, Stefano Censi, Gloria Cicala, Carlo De Cecco, Manuel De Lazzari, Gabriella Di Giovine, Leonardo Calo, Monica Dobrovie, Marta Focardi, Laura Fusini, Nicola Gaibazzi, Annalaura Gismondi, Matteo Gravina, Marco Guglielmo, chiara Lanzillo, massimo lombardi, Valentina Lorenzoni, Jordi Lozano Torres, Davide Margonato, Chiara Martini, Francesca Marzo, Pier-Giorgio Masci, Ambra Masi, Claudio Moro, Giuseppe Muscogiuri, Saima Mushtaq, Alberto Nese, Alessandro Palumbo, Anna Giulia Pavon, Patrizia Pedrotti, Martina Perazzolo Marra, Silvia Pradella, Cristina Presicci, Mark Rabbat, Claudi Raineri, Jose Rodriguez-Palomares, Gianluca Pontone, Subhi J Al'Aref,
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) plays an important role in managing patients with advanced heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction and interventricular conduction block, as it reestablishes synchrony and cardiac function while reducing the risks of HF-related hospitalizations and mortality. Despite the well-described advantages of CRT, approximately 30% to 40% of patients fail to respond to therapy. Therefore, our study aimed to define patient characteristics associated with major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in individuals with left bundle branch block (LBBB) who received CRT.

Methods: The study cohort included patients enrolled in the CarDiac MagnEtic Resonance for Primary Prevention Implantable CardioVerter DefibrillAtor ThErapy (DERIVATE) registry who had LBBB and had previously undergone CRT. We defined MACE as a composite outcome including cardiac death, hospitalization for heart failure, or major adverse arhythmic events. Cox regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between MACE and CRT therapy. Kaplan-Meier curves were utilized to explore the association between CRT and cardiac death.

Results: Out of 300 individuals, 144 (48%) experienced MACE. The cohort had a mean age of 63.9 ± 10.9, with 29% being male. The median follow-up period was 1285 days. Ischemic cardiomyopathy was identified as an independent predictor of MACE (HR = 3.54; 95% CI [2.31-5.41]; P<0.01) and cardiac death (HR = 24.10; 95% CI [10.71-54.21]; P<0.01) in patients with LBBB and CRT. Amiodarone therapy was associated with a 1.91-fold (95% CI [1.20-3.05]; P=0.01) increased risk of MACE. Notably, multivariate analysis did not reveal a significant association between gender, hypertension, renal function, diabetes mellitus, or NYHA class III/IV and the occurrence of MACE.

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that ischemic cardiomyopathy and the use of amiodarone therapy are independent predictors of MACE in patients with LBBB who previously underwent CRT. These findings suggest that patient-level characteristics are important predictors of MACE; however, further research is needed to better understand the interplay between ejection fraction, conduction disease, and patient characteristics post-CRT therapy.

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