DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.14350 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 14350: Prognostic Impact of Right Ventricular Free Wall Longitudinal Strain in Tricuspid Regurgitation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Camila M Guida, Camila P Almeida, Andresa F Perego, Camila D dos Santos, igor H leite, Paula C Nogueira, Andrea d Vilela
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Traditional echocardiography is limited in the early assessment of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction, especially in cases of tricuspid regurgitation (TR). In this context, right ventricular free wall longitudinal strain (RVFWLS) has emerged as a promising tool to enhance this evaluation.

Hypothesis: We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate whether impaired RVFWLS in patients with moderate to severe TR is associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality and heart failure (HF) hospitalization.

Methods: We searched Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane for studies that examined our clinical question. Two reviewers performed study selection, data extraction and assessment of bias. RVFWLS was evaluated as a binary variable: normal/near-normal vs. impaired. The latter was defined as a RVFWLS > -17%. Statistical analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.4.1. We calculated pooled hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) under a random effects model. We also performed a subgroup analysis of multivariable analyses to minimize the effect of confounding variables.

Results: We included 1,523 patients from 5 cohort studies. The mean follow-up ranged from 2.2 to 3.9 years. Mean age ranged to 62 to 84 years and 1,462 (96%) had functional TR. All-cause mortality (HR 1.06; 95% CI 1.02-1.10; p=0.002) and the composite of all-cause mortality or HF hospitalizations (HR 1.10; 95% CI 1.03-1.18; p=0.006) were significantly higher in patients with impaired RVFWLS compared with normal or near-normal RVFWLS. When considering only the multivariable analyses, patients with reduced RVFWLS also had a higher adjusted risk of all-cause mortality (HR 1.05; 95% CI 1.02-1.08; p=0.003).

Conclusions: Our findings indicate that RVFWLS is an independent prognostic factor for all-cause mortality among patients with moderate to severe TR. The use of RVFWLS to guide management of this population warrants further investigation.

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