DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.14237 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 14237: Anticoagulation Strategies After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation in Patients Without an Indication of Oral Anticoagulants, Network Meta Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Ahmed K. Awad, Merihan A Elbadawy, Ayman K. Awad, Mohamed T Abuelazm, Shafaqat Ali, Basel Abdelazeem
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is currently the mainstay treatment for aortic valve diseases, yet postoperative anticoagulation strategies after TAVI is still debatable. Thus, we aim to investigate the safety and efficacy of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) vs. single-antiplatelet therapy (SAPTs) vs. dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) vs. Vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in patients undergoing TAVI and without an indication of OACs.

Methods: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase were systematically searched up to December 2022. A frequentist network meta-analysis has been conducted using a random-effects model calculating the odds ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI).

Results: We included 9,087 patients from 11 studies. Compared to DOACs, DAPT, SAPT, and VKAs were associated with significantly lower odds for short-term all-cause mortality (OR: 0.62; 95% CI [0.46-0.86]), (OR: 0.42; 95% CI [0.29-0.60]), (OR:0.54; 95% CI [0.31, 0.94]), respectively. DAPT was also associated with higher short-term major bleeding risk (OR:2.66; 95% CI [1.46-3.86]). Furthermore, both DAPT and SAPT were associated with significantly higher long-term bleeding rates with (OR: 1.78; 95% CI, [1.15-2.41]) and (OR:2.32; 95% CI, [1.29-3.35]), respectively. However, VKAs were associated with lower long-term bleeding rates (OR: 0.61; 95% CI, [0.24-0.98]). No intervention showed a significant difference over DOACs in terms of long-term all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and stroke, except for DAPT which showed higher odds of long-term all-cause mortality (OR: 1.83; 95% CI, [1.29-2.37]).

Conclusion: Despite the long-term higher rates of major bleeding, SAPT was effective in preventing both short and long-term all-cause mortality compared to DAPT, which has both short, long term major bleeding and higher long-term all-cause mortality. Further RCTs are still required to confirm SAPT superiority compared to other strategies.

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