DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.14225 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 14225: Cardiovascular Structural and Functional Changes Become Apparent With Increased Waist Circumference in Childhood Obesity

Kenji Harada, Yukiko Harada
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Higher waist circumference (WC) is associated with cardiovascular disease, however, little is known about the association between WC and cardiovascular functional change in children. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships between numbers of cardiovascular risk factors and left ventricular (LV) geometry and function in children.

Methods: Echocardiography was performed in 401 children aged 7 to 13 years. Left atrial (LA) diameter, LV end-diastolic volume, ejection fraction, mass, mass-to-volume ratio, and carotid artery intima media-thickness (IMT) were measured. Transmitral peak flow velocities during early and late diastole and mitral annular myocardial velocities during early (Em) and late diastole (Am) were measured. LA systolic force and aortic stiffness were calculated. Lipids, uric acid, fasting glucose, insulin, high sensitive CRP, and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were also assessed. Subjects were divided into 4 groups: A group, WC within normal range; B group, increased WC; C group, increased WC plus any one of the following individual factors of hypertension, dyslipidemia (low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and/or high triglyceride), and raised fasting glucose; D group, metabolic syndrome.

Results: Compared with the A group, LA diameter, mass/volume ratio, HOMA-IR, and uric acid were greater in the B group (p<0.05 for all). With increasing number of metabolic syndrome disorders (C and D groups), dyslipidemia, increased Hs-CRP, decreased Em/Am, enhanced LA systolic force, increased IMT, and aortic stiffening were observed (Table).

Conclusions: Higher WC is associated with insulin resistance, hyperuricemia, and concentric LV hypertrophy. Cardiovascular structural and functional changes become apparent with increasing number of metabolic syndrome disorders. Our findings suggest that primary prevention programs should be initiated in children with increased WC.

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