DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.14176 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 14176: Cardiac Structure and Function in Relation to Health-Related Quality of Life in Heart Failure Patients With Preserved Ejection Fraction: Results From the PARAGON-HF Study

Sahmin Lee, Brian Claggett, Amil M Shah, Alvin Chandra, Eldrin F Lewis, Riccardo M Inciardi, Ivo Planinc, Maja Cikes, Narayana Prasad, Felipe Martinez, Carolyn S Lam, John J McMurray, Scott Solomon, Hicham Skali, Sheila Hegde
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is reduced in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). However, the extent to which HRQL outcomes are related to cardiac structure and function in patients with HFpEF is not well understood.

Methods: We examined the association between baseline echocardiographic measures and longitudinal Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) measures in patients with HFpEF in the PARAGON-HF trial using longitudinal regression models adjusted for age, sex, baseline KCCQ score, randomization, and other important clinical confounders.

Results: Among 1,094 patients with baseline KCCQ data at randomization and a baseline echocardiogram within 6 months of enrollment, the mean age was 74 years and 53% were women. Over 3 years, 78% completed KCCQ measures at baseline, 12, 24, and 36 months. Missing values for non-survivors (n=116) were imputed as zero to avoid survival bias. Posterior wall thickness, septal E/e’, and right ventricular (RV) end diastolic area were negatively associated with the KCCQ Overall Summary Score, and a similar pattern of associations was observed for the KCCQ Clinical Summary Score (Table). Pulmonary artery systolic pressure was additionally negatively associated with the KCCQ Total Symptom Score. Notably, left ventricular (LV) size, septal wall thickness, LV ejection fraction, LV strain, and left atrial size were not significantly associated with longitudinal changes in KCCQ.

Conclusion: In patients with HFpEF, increased LV posterior wall thickness, elevated LV filling pressure, elevated pulmonary pressure, and RV enlargement - together suggestive of more advanced diastolic dysfunction - are associated with a decline in KCCQ scores and may influence future worsening of quality of life.

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