DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.14117 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 14117: Home Operated Ultrasound Exam for Detection of Worsening Heart Failure

Stuart B Prenner, Kevin Dougherty, Frances S Shofer, Lee R Goldberg, Nova Panebianco
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (ADHF) is associated with a high degree of morbidity and mortality. Dynamic lung ultrasound artifact called B-lines directly correlate with pulmonary vascular congestion (PVC) and can be seen on a limited lung ultrasound.

Hypothesis: We assessed the ability of a recently hospitalized patient with ADHF to self-perform a lung ultrasound using a hand-held ultrasound and store images for physician interpretation.

Methods: This was a prospective observational convenience sample of patients with known chronic heart failure admitted to an urban academic tertiary care center. The patient was educated on a 6 lung-zone image protocol, how to use the cloud archival system, and given a hand-held ultrasound transducer and iPad. The patients were asked to upload images three times a week, for 3 weeks. A B-line score for each interpretable lung zone was calculated.

Results: Fifteen patients were enrolled, all of whom completed 7 or more scans. Average patient age was 60 years (range: 28- 86 years), 73% male, 60% white, and 47% obese. Five patients had ejection fraction >50%, and average length of hospital stay was 6.3 days. Of the 792 potential images, 784 were obtained (99%) and 637 (81%) were interpretable. The right upper zone was most often interpretable (97%), whereas the left lateral zone was least (70%). Median patient B line score when indexed to 6 interpretable scans was 3.00. Indexed B line scores are shown for all 15 patients (Figure 1). Patient survey data identified the left lateral zone as the most challenging to obtain.

Conclusions: This pilot study shows that patients with ADHF can be taught how to use a hand-held portable ultrasound device and obtain and upload lung ultrasound images to a cloud. Compliance with the study protocol was excellent. Further studies are needed to determine if patient-performed lung ultrasound can be useful to clinicians to detect and manage PVC in this patient population.

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