DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.14028 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 14028: Stroke Location, White Matter Disconnections, and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Infants With Congenital Heart Disease

Thiviya Selvanathan, Ting Guo, Shabnam Peyvandi, Anne Synnes, Vann Chau, Linh Ly, ANTHONY J BARKOVICH, Mike Seed, Patrick S McQuillen, Steven P Miller
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Objectives: Infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at risk for stroke, although associations with neurodevelopmental outcomes have varied. In adults with stroke, location and altered structural connectivity (disconnections) have been linked to neurologic symptoms. We assessed whether stroke (1) location and (2) white matter disconnections are related to neurodevelopment in infants with CHD.

Methods: Infants underwent pre- and post-operative brain MRI in prospective studies at 3 centres (UBC, UCSF, SickKids) and completed 18-month neurodevelopmental assessments using Bayley Scales with separate motor and cognitive composites. Adverse outcomes were defined as composite score <85. Strokes were manually segmented. Voxel-wise lesion symptoms maps (VLSM) were used to assess relationships between lesion location and neurodevelopment. Disconnectomes were generated using stroke segmentations as seeds for tractography and diffusion MRI from healthy controls. Voxel-wise disconnectome-symptoms maps (VDSM) of associations between structural disconnections and neurodevelopment were developed.

Results: 50 infants with strokes had neurodevelopmental outcomes data. Most strokes were small (<1/3 of arterial territory; n= 33) and in the left MCA territory (Fig 1A). However, strokes in the right basal ganglia and adjacent central white matter were most strongly associated with adverse motor and cognitive outcomes (Fig 1B). White matter disconnections extended beyond areas of injury (Fig 1C); these were extensive even in small strokes. Disconnections of tracts passing through the right basal ganglia were most strongly associated with adverse motor and cognitive outcomes (Fig 1D).

Conclusions: Strokes involving the basal ganglia, particularly in the right hemisphere, were associated with worse motor and cognitive outcomes in infants with CHD. These data draw increasing attention to the right hemisphere in early-life stroke and neurodevelopment.

More from our Archive