DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.13981 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 13981: Computed Tomography Angiography Measures of Carotid Artery Plaque Burden in Patients With Atherosclerotic Carotid Artery Disease Stratified by Status of Chronic Kidney Disease

Ankita Sinharoy, Olga A Gimnich, VIJAY NAMBI, Panagiotis Kougias, Addison A Taylor, Gerd Brunner
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Atherosclerotic carotid artery disease (ACAD) is associated with an increased risk of cerebrovascular mortality and morbidity. We have analyzed associations of computed tomography angiography (CTA) measures of carotid artery (CA) plaque burden with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Hypothesis: CTA-based measures of CA plaque burden in patients with ACAD differ across stages of CKD.

Methods: A total of 63 ACAD patients (13 without CKD, 50 with CKD), who completed CTA imaging and had demographic data were included in a retrospective analysis of patients from the Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center (MEDVAMC), Houston, Texas. CA plaque burden measures include the normalized wall index (NWI), wall area (WA), and lumen area (LA) at three distinct CA locations: CA bifurcation (BF), maximum total vessel cross-sectional area (MTVA) of the internal CA (ICA), and ICA peak stenosis (PS). CTA measures and patient demographics were compared across three CKD classes (no disease: n=13; CKD stages 1 and 2: n=31; and CKD stage 3 and above; n=19).

Results: Baseline characteristics differed among CKD groups for the estimated glomerular filtration rate (p=<0.0001) and the body mass index (p=0.046). Inter-observer variability, assessed by intraclass correlation (ICC) analysis, was excellent for CA lumen area and wall area (0.964 (confidence interval [CI]: 0.946, 0.976); 0.865 (CI: 0.804, 0.908): n=100 CTA slices, both). The mean NWI differed significantly among the CKD groups for two of the three CA locations (BF: p=0.018, MTVA: p=0.01; PS: p=0.057). Similarly, lumen area significantly differed between CKD categories (BF: p=0.045, MTVA: p=0.013; PS: p=0.017) but not the wall area.

Conclusion: CTA-based measures of carotid plaque burden in ACAD patients are highly reproducible and differed across CKD groups. Imaging-based measures of CA plaque burden may be of interest in stratifying risk assessment of ACAD patients with concomitant CKD.

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