DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.13962 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 13962: Exploring the Therapeutic Potential of SGLT2 Inhibitors and Oral Ketone Ester in HFpEF: A Comprehensive Exploration of Cardiac Function, Structure, and Metabolism in a Rat Model

Salva Yurista, David Guarin Bedoya, Robert Eder, Shi Chen, William Jiang, Aidan Welsh, Feiyang Liu, Jonah Weigand-Whittier, Yi-Fen Yen, Christopher Nguyen
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: This study aimed to assess the potential efficacy of the SGLT2 inhibitor empagliflozin and oral ketone ester supplementation as treatments for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), which is commonly associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods: Twenty-week-old obese ZSF-1 rats were initially fed a high-fat diet (HFD) to establish and maintain the phenotype. Subsequently, the rats were randomly assigned to different treatment groups. These groups consisted of a control group receiving only the high-fat diet (HFD), as well as groups receiving empagliflozin, ketone ester (DeltaG®, KE), or a combination of both in addition to the HFD. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and hyperpolarized carbon-13 (13C) labeled pyruvate magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging were used to evaluate cardiac function and metabolism. Histological and molecular markers of cardiac remodeling were assessed in the left ventricle.

Results: Untreated HFpEF rats exhibited obesity, diabetes, cardiac hypertrophy, atrial enlargement, lung congestion, increased cardiomyocyte size and fibrosis, as well as elevated expression of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), col1a1 (fibrosis marker), and TIMP1. The treatment groups displayed decreased body weight, increased circulating ketone levels, and reduced blood glucose levels. All treatment regimens significantly mitigated ventricular hypertrophy, atrial enlargement, and lung congestion. Furthermore, they reduced cardiomyocyte size, ANP expression, fibrosis marker expression, and increased cardiac ATP levels. CMR revealed that the combination of empagliflozin and KE resulted in improvement in diastolic function. Hyperpolarized [1-13C] pyruvate imaging revealed a decrease in lactate/pyruvate ratio in empagliflozin-treated hearts, indicating improved oxidative metabolism.

Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that targeting cardiometabolic dysregulation holds promise as an effective approach for the treatment of HFpEF. While both empagliflozin or KE alone demonstrated improvements in cardiac energetics and remodeling, the combination of empagliflozin and KE yielded the most notable benefits in enhancing cardiac diastolic function.

More from our Archive