DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.13795 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 13795: Reduced Fetuin-A Levels Are Associated With Exercise Intolerance in Patients With Heart Failure and Predict the Risk of Adverse Outcomes

Yusuke Tomita, Tomofumi Misaka, Yukiko Sugawara, Fumiya Anzai, Yu Sato, Yusuke Kimishima, Tetsuro Yokokawa, Takamasa Sato, Masayoshi Oikawa, Atsushi Kobayashi, Akiomi Yoshihisa, Yasuchika Takeishi
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Impaired exercise tolerance is a feature of heart failure (HF) and predicts adverse outcomes in patients with HF. Hepatokines are proteins synthesized and secreted by the liver, which regulate systemic metabolisms of peripheral tissues. However, the clinical impact of hepatokines on exercise capacity has not been well understood.

Aims: Our objective was to investigate the relevance of a hepatokine, Fetuin-A, in relation to exercise capacity in HF.

Methods and Results: We conducted a prospective study involving 120 consecutive hospitalized patients (mean 57.3 years old, 75.0% male) with HF who underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing. The serum concentration of Fetuin-A was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Patients with impaired exercise tolerance (peak oxygen uptake (VO 2 ) < 14.0 mL/kg/m) exhibited lower Fetuin-A levels than those without ( Figure A ). Correlation analysis revealed that Fetuin-A was positively correlated with peak VO 2 and negatively correlated with minute ventilation to carbon dioxide production ratio and its slope. We then followed up patients and found 12 composites of cardiac events that included 5 cardiac death and 7 worsening HF. Based on classification and regression tree to determine the cut-off of Fetuin-A, Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients with lower Fetuin-A levels (< 22.2 ng/mL) and impaired exercise tolerance had the highest risk of cardiac events ( Figure B ). In a multivariable Cox proportional hazard model, the presence of both lower Fetuin-A and exercise intolerance was independently associated with an increased risk of cardiac events (hazard ratio, 18.8; P = 0.009).

Conclusions: Reduced Fetuin-A levels were associated with exercise intolerance in patients with HF, and those with decreased levels of both Fetuin-A and peak VO 2 were at the highest risk of adverse outcomes.

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