DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.13746 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 13746: Mental Health and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Implantation in Black Patients at Risk for Sudden Cardiac Death

Brian C Boursiquot, Lonnie T Sullivan, Andrew Maul, Apurva Khedagi, Rebecca Young, Brooke Alhanti, Samuel F Sears, Larry R Jackson, Kevin L Thomas
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Black patients with guideline indications for implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) have lower rates of implantation compared to White patients. The Educational Videos to Address Racial Disparities in ICD Therapy Via Innovative Designs (VIVID) trial enrolled self-identified Black individuals with chronic systolic heart failure and studied the impact of a video-based decision-support tool on decisional quality and ICD implantation.

Hypothesis: We hypothesized that depressive symptoms are associated with greater decisional conflict and lower rates of ICD implantation among study participants.

Methods: Participants were administered the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) depression screen; and the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey, from which we derived the Mental Component Summary-12 (MCS-12). A decisional conflict scale (DCS) adapted from the Ottawa framework for shared decision-making was used to assess decisional conflict associated with the decision for ICD implantation. An analysis of covariance was used to assess differences in DCS scores. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the association between mental health scores and ICD implantation at 90 days.

Results: Among 306 included participants, 60 (19.6%) reported depressed mood and 142 (46.4%) reported anhedonia. Participants with the lowest MCS-12 scores (poorer mental health) had greater decisional conflict regarding ICD assent compared to those with the highest MCS-12 scores (adjusted mean difference in DCS score = 3.05 [95% CI: 0.32, 5.78]). By 90-day follow-up, 204 participants (66.6%) underwent ICD implantation. There was no significant association between either PHQ-2 score or MCS-12 score and ICD implantation.

Conclusions: Depressed mood and anhedonia were prevalent among Black patients considering primary prevention ICD. Poorer mental health did not impact the likelihood of ICD implantation in this population.

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