DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.13662 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 13662: Novel Morphological Classification of Left Atrial Appendage Using 3-Dimensional Printer -Rock, Paper and Scissors-

SATOKO RYUZAKI, Yusuke Kondo, Miyo Nakano, Masahiro Nakano, Takatsugu Kajiyama, Ryo Ito, Toshinori Chiba, Yutaka Yoshino, Yuya Komai, Yukiko Takanashi, Yoshio Kobayashi
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Left atrial appendage (LAA) of Asians is generally larger and more complicated than that of non-Asians. Whereas the four classifications from previous reports are widely used in the world, different physicians have different point of views in the real-world practice.

Purpose: To identify the relationship between morphological features of LAA and cardioembolic stroke in Japanese patients.

Methods: All left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) cases in our institution performed between February 2020 and April 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. The three-dimensional printing of LAA was generated from cardiovascular computed tomography imaging data. The shapes of the LAA were classified into 3 morphological types: (1) The LAA with bi lobe was defined as “Scissors” type; (2) The one with complicated peripheral branches was “Paper” type; (3) The simple one was “Rock” type. We examined the relationship between the risk of cardioembolic stroke and the morphological features of the LAA.

Results: The cohort consisted of 93 consecutive patients (age, 75±1 years; male gender, 72%; the size of WATCHMAN device, 29±0 mm). There were 41 (44%) patients who had a history of cardioembolic stroke (27% vs. 41% vs. 58%; Rock vs. Scissors vs. Paper types, p-value = 0.0466). In the multivariate analysis, the Paper type is the potential risk factor of cardioembolic stroke (p-value < 0.01) (Table1.2).

Conclusions: The morphological features of LAA by three-dimensional printing was significantly related to cardioembolic stroke in this population. Physicians should pay attention to anticoagulant therapy management and proactively consider LAAC in LAA with complicated peripheral branches.

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