DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.13645 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 13645: Prognostic Value of Aortic Valve Calcification in Asymptomatic Patients With Non-Severe Aortic Valve Stenosis and Preserved Ejection Fraction

Zi Ye, Thomas A Foley, Rohan Gajjar, Maurice E Enriquez Sarano, Hector I Michelena
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Criteria for aortic valve intervention (AVI) in severe aortic stenosis (AS) rely on symptoms, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and AS severity. Computed tomography-based aortic valve calcification (CT-AVC) scores associated with severe AS also have prognostic value, but this remains unexplored in patients with non-severe AS. We aimed to assess the prognostic value of AVC in asymptomatic patients with nonsevere AS and preserved LVEF.

Methods: We retrospectively identified 395 patients with ≥mild AS but less-than-severe AS by echocardiography, who had CT-AVC assessed within six months. AVCscore was quantified offline by Agatston method (TeraRecon software), and also indexed by LV outflow track area, i.e., AVCdensity. Patients were followed until AVI or death. The primary outcome was all-cause death under medical surveillance.

Results: In 395 patients, mean age was 73±12 years, 61% were men, mean aortic valve area 1.2±0.3cm2, mean gradient 28±9 mmHg, peak velocity 3.4±0.5 m/s, LVEF 64±6%. During a follow-up of 2.2[0.74-4.94] years, 220 patients had AVI and 82 patients died. Both AVCscore and AVCdensity were associated with AVI-free survival and the best AVCscore thresholds associated with mortality were 853 in women and 1183 in men by log-rank test (both p<0.001). High AVCscore and high AVCdensity were associated with increased hazard for all-cause death in unadjusted and adjusted analyses (Figure), and after further adjustment for echocardiographic severity (all p ≤0.01).

Conclusions: In asymptomatic patients with less-than-severe AS, sex-specific CT-AVC scores differentiate those at higher risk for death versus lower risk. Whether AVI could modify this risk remains to be proven.

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