DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.13632 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 13632: Predictors of Death and/or Readmission in Extremely Elderly Patients Hospitalized for Decompensated Heart Failure

Larissa M Targino, Douglas L Medeiros, Eduardo S Darzé, Queila B Oliveira, Karina C Cordeiro, Luiz Eduardo F Ritt
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Heart Failure (HF) is the final stage of cardiac illness, and it has become highly prevalent with the aging population. The extremely elderly population is underrepresented in HF clinical studies. This study aims to identify predictors of readmission and mortality in extremely elderly patients hospitalized for decompensated heart failure.

Research Question: What are the predictors of readmission and mortality in extremely elderly patients hospitalized for decompensated heart failure?

Methods: Retrospective cohort study in the model of a single-center registry including data from 2019 to 2022. The study was conducted at a private tertiary institution located in Salvador-BA, Brazil and included patients ≥ 80 years old admitted with a diagnosis of HF. Data was collected from electronic medical records and through follow-up performed 30 days after discharge, analyzed using descriptive statistics and compared by parametric or non-parametric tests, as appropriate. Multivariate analysis with logistic regression was performed to evaluate independent predictors of readmission and death from HF.

Results: A total of 221 extremely elderly patients hospitalized for decompensated HF were included. There was a higher prevalence of females (57.4%), mean age of 87.6 ± 4.9 years, and mean Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) of 49.5 ± 17.1%. After 30 days, it was found that 14.9% of this sample had a death outcome and 16.7% were readmitted, totaling 28.1% of combined outcome (death and/or rehospitalization). The outcome group had older age (88.7 ± 4.6 years vs. 87.2 ± 4.9; p = 0.039), lower diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (74.8 ± 18.4 mmHg vs. 81.5 ± 15.6 mmHg; p = 0.007), higher rate of past ischemic stroke (30.6% vs. 13.2%; p = 0.002), and higher palliative care rate (27.4% vs. 3.2%; p = 0.001). In logistic regression, history of ischemic stroke [OR: 3.43 (CI: 1.30 - 9.05); p = 0.013], DBP [OR: 0.96 (CI: 0.93 - 0.99); p = 0.010], and palliative care [OR: 66.71 (CI: 8.18 - 543.66); p < 0.001] were independent risk factors for the combined outcome at 30 days.

Conclusion: In extremely elderly patients admitted for heart failure, death or hospitalization at 30 days demonstrated an independent association with a history of ischemic stroke, DBP and palliative care.

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