DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.13403 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 13403: Age-Related Echocardiographic Characteristics in Patients With Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction in PARAGON-HF

Xiaowen Wang, Hicham Skali, Maja Cikes, Orly Vardeny, Carolyn S Lam, Margaret M Redfield, Annamaria Kosztin, Eileen Omeara, Wilfried Mullens, John J McMurray, Amil M Shah, Scott Solomon, Sheila Hegde
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) may have different characteristics by age groups.

Aim Compare clinical and echocardiographic characteristics in patients with HFpEF enrolled in the PARAGON-HF echocardiography substudy by age groups.

Methods: Echocardiography was performed in 1097 patients in PARAGON-HF (Prospective Comparison of ARNI with ARB Global Outcomes in HF with Preserved Ejection Fraction), where patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >=45% were enrolled. Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics were compared in patients who were <65, 65-74, and >75 years of age.

Results: Younger patients were more likely to be male, obese, have prior myocardial infarction (MI) and diabetes, but less likely to have atrial fibrillation (AF, Table 1). Older patients had smaller left ventricular (LV) dimension indices, more likely to have concentric hypertrophy or remodeling, higher LVEF and better global longitudinal strain, and more likely to have left atrial enlargement and echocardiographic evidence of higher LV filling pressure (Table 1). Echocardiographic measures of pulmonary pressure and right ventricular function were similar across age groups. After adjusting for sex, race, region, history of MI, diabetes, AF, and body mass index, every 10 years of increase in age was associated with 5.1 mL/m 2 decrease in LV end-diastolic volume index (95% confidence interval [CI] 3.9 - 6.5, p < 0.001), 0.4% increase in absolute global longitudinal strain (95% CI 0.1% - 0.7%, p = 0.017), and 1.07 increase in E/e’ septal ratio (95% CI 0.42 - 1.73, p = 0.001).

Conclusions: Compared with younger patients, older patients with HFpEF were more likely to be female with AF, have better systolic function and higher LV filling pressure. These findings demonstrated the heterogeneity in cardiac structure and function in HFpEF by age and may have implications for treatment and future clinical trial recruitment.

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