DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.13379 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 13379: Guideline Directed Medical Therapy Treatment Patterns and Outcomes in Cardiac Sarcoidosis Patients With Systolic Heart Failure

Daniel Sykora, Mohamed Elwazir, Katie Young, Nikhil Kolluri, Omar F Abou-Ezzeddine, John Bois, John Giudicessi, Leslie T Cooper, Andrew Rosenbaum
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) results in HFrEF, but its natural history and response to GDMT remains uncertain.

Methods: We queried a registry of 631 CS patients evaluated at our institution to identify those with LVEF < 35% on TTE within 30 d of diagnosis and a follow-up TTE 12-18 months later (external CS diagnoses were excluded). Demographics, LVEF, NT-proBNP, GDMT, immunosuppression, CIED, and outcomes (hyperkalemia, LVAD/transplant, CV hospitalization, death) were recorded.

Results: Overall, 25/631 (4%) of CS patients had an LVEF <35% at initial presentation (36% female, 84% white; median age of 58 y; probable/not biopsy-proven CS in 52%). Mean baseline LVEF was 27% (σ=7%), NT-proBNP 1736 pg/mL (n=11), potassium 4.3 mEq/L (n=18), and median NYHA Class II (54%). Patients were on a mean 1.7 GDMT agents at CS diagnosis (Figure). Most were treated with immunosuppression (88%) for mean 0.75 y, usually prednisone (88%, mean 16 mg daily) and fewer with mycophenolate (32%, mean 1875 mg daily), methotrexate (28%, mean 18mg weekly), or TNF-α inhibitor (4%). 64% were on trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole prophylaxis. At follow-up (median 317 d), 3 patients (12%) required LVAD and 1 (4%) required heart transplant. Mean LVEF improved to 37% (excluding LVAD/transplant, σ=11%, p=0.001). CIED prevalence increased from 48 to 81% (p=0.03). Overall GDMT did not change (mean 2.0 agents, p=0.2) and only beta-blocker dose changed (64 to 138 mg mean daily metoprolol equivalents). Potassium did not change (p=0.4) and hyperkalemic events were infrequent (16%). No patients died, but unplanned hospitalization occurred in 36% of patients.

Conclusions: CS patients with HFrEF are usually on partial GDMT at diagnosis, presumably due to earlier recognition of HFrEF, but intensification of GDMT may be limited. Despite improved LVEF which may be due to GDMT, immunosuppression, and/or CIED, over 1/3 patients were hospitalized within 18 mo, highlighting the high-risk profile of HFrEF in CS.

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