DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.13361 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 13361: The Effect of Electronic Cigarette Exposure on Flow Mediated Vasodilation and LV Remodeling in a Chronic Myocardial Infarction Model

Wangde Dai, Jianru Shi, Juan Carreno, Michael T Kleinman, David Herman, Rebecca Johnson, Samantha Renusch, Irene Hasen, Amanda Ting, Robert A Kloner
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: There is little information about the effect of electronic cigarette (e-C) exposure on the cardiovascular system in the setting of myocardial infarction (MI) and whether e-C’s could alter vascular or cardiac function during the healing phase of MI. We determine the effect of e-C on endothelial function, cardiac remodeling and function during the healing phase of MI.

Methods: Sprague Dawley rats (both sexes) were anesthetized and subjected to a proximal left coronary artery occlusion to induce a large anterior wall MI. At one week, rats were randomized to receive either 12 weeks of exposure to purified air (n=37) or e-cig vapor plus 15 mg/ml of nicotine (e-Cn=32). At 12 weeks endothelial function was tested by assessing femoral artery diameter and blood flow following a 5- minute femoral artery occlusion and reperfusion (ultrasound and flow probe). Cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography; remodeling was also assessed by quantitative histologic analysis.

Results: Baseline blood flow in the femoral artery did not differ between groups, but peak reperfusion blood flow was blunted in the e-Cn group (1.59 ± 0.15 ml/min) vs. the air group (2.11 ± 0.18 ml/min; p=0.034). Femoral artery diameter after reperfusion was narrower in the e-Cn group (0.54 ± 0.02mm) compared to the air group (0.60 ± 0.02mm; p=0.023). Postmortem left ventricular (LV) volumes were similar in the e-Cn (0.69 ± 0.04 ml) and air groups (0.73 ± 0.04 ml; p=NS); and myocardial infarct expansion index did not differ between groups (1.4 ± 0.1 in e-Cn group versus 1.3 ± 0.1 in air group; p=NS). Gross pathology LV wall thickness was greater in the e-Cn group (1.38 ± 0.12 mm) versus the air group (1.04 ± 0.10 mm) despite no increase in blood pressure at 12 weeks in the e-CN group. LV fractional shortening by echo did not differ between groups at 12 weeks (e-Cn at 29 ± 2% and air at 27 ± 1%; p=NS).

Conclusion: Exposure to e-Cn during the healing phase of MI was associated with altered endothelial function with reduced femoral artery blood flow and diameter at reperfusion, but not with worsened LV dilation or worsened cardiac function. E-Cn did increase gross pathologic LV wall thickness. E-Cn exposure during the healing phase of MI has deleterious effects on the CV system but does not dilate the LV.

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