DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.13344 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 13344: Differential Impact of Self-Care Behaviour on Mortality Between Patients With Stable and Recent Worsening Chronic Heart Failure

Taro Koya, Toshiyuki Nagai, Atsushi Tada, Motoki Nakao, Suguru Ishizaka, Yoshifumi Mizuguchi, Aoyagi Hiroyuki, Shogo Imagawa, Tokuda Yusuke, Yoshiya Kato, Masashige Takahashi, Sakai Hiroto, Masaharu Machida, Kenichi Matsutani, Takahiko Saito, Hiroshi Okamoto, Toshihisa Anzai
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Backgrounds: Although self-care is crucial to maintain health and recommended in the guidelines in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), its prognostic significance is controversial. We hypothesized that self-care is more effective in vulnerable patients with recent hospitalization due to worsening HF (WHF). The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of self-care behaviour on mortality between patients with stable and recent worsening CHF.

Methods: We prospectively examined consecutive 1,873 CHF patients from a Japanese multicenter registry and assessed the European Heart Failure Self-care Behaviour Scale (EHFScBS) at enrollment. The patients were divided into inpatient due to WHF (WHF group) and outpatient stable CHF (stable CHF group). The optimal EHFScBS was defined as more than 70 based on previous reports. The primary outcome was all-cause death.

Results: Of studied patients (1,102 male, mean age 72 ± 13 years), 625 (33%) and 1,165 (67%) were classified into WHF and stable CHF groups, respectively. During a median follow-up period of 427 (IQR 273 - 642) days, the primary outcome occurred in 50 patients. In stable CHF group, there was no significant difference on primary outcome between optimal and suboptimal EHFScBS (P = 0.65) (Figure A). On the other hand, patients with suboptimal EHFScBS showed a higher incidence of death than those with optimal score in WHF group (P = 0.01) (Figure B). In WHF group, Cox regressions showed that the EHFScBS score was independently associated with mortality (HR 0.51, 95% CI 0.26-0.99) adjusted for significant covariates including hemoglobin, estimated glomerular filtration rate, serum sodium, log NT-proBNP, and the Meta-Analysis Global Group in Chronic Heart Failure risk score.

Conclusions: In patients with recent worsening, not stable CHF, the EHFScBS was associated with subsequent mortality, indicating that the self-care education might be more effective for patients with recent worsening CHF.

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