DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.13306 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 13306: Substantial Variation in the Rate of Coronary Artery Disease Among Ontario Immigrants

Hirmand Nouraei, Feng Qiu, Joan Porter, Mina Madan, Harindra C Wijeysundera, Baiju Shah, Maneesh Sud, Husam M Abdel-Qadir, Olivia Haldenby, Dennis T Ko
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Immigrants constitute a substantial proportion of the population in Western Europe and North America. Although prior studies have suggested that a "healthy immigrant effect" exists, little is known about the extent and variation of stable obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) among immigrants. We evaluated the association of country of origin and the rates of stable CAD among immigrants. We assembled a cohort of immigrants and non-immigrants who received elective cardiac catheterization in Ontario, Canada, between April 1, 2012 and March 31, 2021. Immigrants were categorized by their country of origin into 7 regions: Africa, Caribbean, Latin America, Western Countries, East Asia, South Asia, and Middle East. Our main outcome was the rate of obstructive CAD (left main stenosis ≥50% or major epicardial vessel stenosis ≥70%). Multivariable logistic regression analyses adjusting for age, cardiac risk factors, and socioeconomic status was used to study the association of country of birth with presence of CAD. The study included 208,363 non-immigrants and 36,139 immigrants: 13,503 from South Asia, 6,839 from Western Countries, 5,036 from East Asia, 4,374 from the Middle East, 2,481 from Latin America, 2,320 from Caribbean, and 1,586 from Africa. Obstructive CAD was found in 47.1% of immigrants and 47.4% of non-immigrants. Immigrants from South Asia had the highest rate of obstructive CAD at 53.7% and those from the Caribbean had the lowest rate at 32.5%. South Asian men and women had the highest odds of obstructive CAD compared to non-immigrants (Figure). Despite the conventional belief that immigrants have better health status, we found that immigrants in Canada had higher odds of obstructive CAD than non-immigrants. In addition, significant variation exists among patients by country of origin even after accounting for the traditional cardiac risk factors.

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