DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.13282 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 13282: Parental Allostatic Load Predicts Time to the Onset of Cardiovascular Disease in Offspring

James M Muchira, Mulubrhan F Mogos, Boniface Kimathi, Mariann R Piano
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Allostatic load, a measure of cumulative stress-related physiologic dysregulation, is associated with major cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. However, despite evidence of familial aggregation of CVD risk factors, the impact of parental allostatic load on the onset and timing of CVD in offspring remains unknown.

Hypothesis: We hypothesize that offspring of parents with lower allostatic load will have longer CVD-free survival time.

Aim: To examine whether CVD-free survival in offspring is associated with parental allostatic load and potential sex-specific differences.

Methods: A secondary data analysis of 6,145 offspring-mother-father trios derived from the Framingham Heart Study Original (exam 10) and Offspring Cohorts (exam 1). Allostatic load was defined as an index (0-16) of 8 variables (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, total cholesterol/ HDL ratio, fasting blood glucose and body mass index). Kaplan-Meier plots, and Irwin’s restricted mean and multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to examine sex-specific differences and the association between parental allostatic load and offspring’s CVD-free survival.

Results: Parents mean age (SD) was 60.8 (8.1) and offspring’s 34.8 (10.5). 22.8% of parents (n=458) and 12.1% (n=412) of offspring had high allostatic load (>8). In a total of 118,132 person-years of follow-up among the offspring, 1060 incident CVD events occurred. The overall CVD incidence rate was 8.9 per 1000 person-years (95% confidence interval [CI] 8.4-9.5) and sons had a higher CVD incident rate than daughters (11.0 vs 7.2, p<0.001). Offspring of mothers with low allostatic load lived 4 more years free of CVD compared to offspring of mothers with high allostatic load. Similarly, offspring of fathers with low allostatic load lived 3 more years free of CVD. The hazard rate of having incident CVD among offspring of mothers and fathers with high (compared to low) allostatic load was 1.58 (1.28-1.95) and 1.39 (95% CI: 1.11-1.75), respectively.

Conclusion: Parents' allostatic load has a significant impact on the cardiovascular health of their offspring, with those of mothers with high allostatic load being at a higher risk of developing CVD at a younger age.

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