DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.13181 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 13181: Tricuspid Regurgitation Impact on Outcomes (TRIO) Score in Patients With Tricuspid Regurgitation and Severe Pulmonary Hypertension

Mohamad Saleh Alabdaljabar, Jwan Naser, Conor Kane, Kyla Lara-Breitinger, Vidhu Anand, Cristina Pislaru, Mackram F Eleid, Mohamad Alkhouli, Garvan Kane, Patricia A Pellikka, Grace Lin, Vuyisile T Nkomo, Sorin Pislaru
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Clinically significant tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is an important contributor to morbidity and mortality. The Tricuspid Regurgitation Impact on Outcomes (TRIO) score based on 8 parameters (age, gender, chronic heart failure, chronic lung disease, heart rate, creatinine, aspartate transaminase level, and TR severity) is used for risk stratification. The performance of the TRIO score in patients with TR secondary to severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) is unknown.

Research Questions: To evaluate whether the TRIO score can be applied in patients with TR and pulmonary hypertension (PH), and to identify other predictors of mortality.

Methods: Retrospective study including patients with TR ≥ moderate. Severe PH was defined as right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) ≥50 mmHg. The impact of clinical, echocardiographic and laboratory variables on mortality was evaluated with the Cox proportional hazard method.

Results: A total of 13,482 patients from the TRIO population were included; severe PH was present in 6,530 (48.4%); mean age 73.4

13.3, 55.7% females. TRIO score performance was modest (AUC 0.62) in risk stratification (Figure A). PH patients had significantly higher mortality than those without PH at all levels of TRIO score (Figure B); differences were progressively lower with increasing TRIO scores. At multivariate analysis, only TRIO score [HR = 1.54 (1.35-1.77) per unit change], presence of an elevated NT-proBNP [HR = 1.02 (1.02-1.03) per 1000 pg/ml change], RVSP (HR = 1.08 (1.02-1.16) per 10 mmHg change], presence of RV dysfunction [HR = 1.15, (1.05-1.26)] and pulmonary artery pulsatility index (PAPi) ≤ 4 [HR = 1.34 (1.07-1.67)] were significant predictors of mortality (model AUC 0.65).

Conclusions: TRIO score allows risk stratification in PH patients, but performance is modest; incorporating additional factors marginally increased model performance. PH patients have higher mortality at all levels of TRIO score, more so at low scores.

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