DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.12875 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 12875: Echocardiographic Findings Associated With Subsequent Risk of Native Valve Endocarditis

Juan A Quintero Martinez, Joya-Rita Hindy, Hector R Villarraga, Brian Lahr, Mark J Dayer, Martin Thornhill, John OHoro, Hector I Michelena, Nandan S Anavekar, Parham Sendi, Daniel C Desimone, Larry M Baddour
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: The association of echocardiographic measurements and subsequent risk of left-sided native valve endocarditis (LS-NVE) is undefined.

Aim: To determine if transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) measurements are associated with the subsequent development of LS-NVE in patients without recognized cardiac predisposing conditions.

Methods: Institutional databases were evaluated for adults diagnosed with LS-NVE from 2008 to 2020. Patients with prosthetic valves, cardiovascular implantable electronic devices, intracardiac devices, injection drug use, and recognized predisposing cardiac conditions were excluded. Patients with a TTE performed 6 months to 3 years before developing LS-NVE were included as cases. Controls were patients within the same Mayo Clinic location with a TTE report and were matched in a 1:3 ratio according to age, gender, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), and echocardiography date. Multivariate logistic-regression analyses adjusting significant variables between cohort's were performed. A p-value <0.05 was considered significant.

Results: There were 148 cases and 431 matched controls. The median age was 63.8 (IQR: 53.6 - 74.6) years, and 329 (56.8%) patients were males. LS-NVE cases had a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus (46.6% vs. 30.4%) and chronic kidney disease (46.6% vs. 28.1%) when compared with controls (p<0.001 both). The median CCI score was 3 (IQR: 0-6) for cases and 2 (IQR: 0-6) for controls. After performing adjusted analyses, left ventricular outflow tract velocity (p=0.017), left ventricular ejection fraction (p=0.018), and E: e’ ratio (p=0.050) were associated with the development of LS-NVE ( Figure 1) .

Conclusions: Echocardiographic measurements were associated with subsequent LS-NVE development in this preliminary investigation. A larger cohort of LS-NVE patients is needed to validate these findings.

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