DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.12823 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 12823: As Anticoagulation Use Increases, Embolic Events Downtrend in Atrial Fibrillation Hospitalizations

Moises A Vasquez, Crystal L Yan, Ivan A Mijares, Juan Quintero Martinez, Jose Luna Alvarez Amezquita, mohammed mustafa, Mina Iskander, Litsa Lambrakos, Alex Velasquez, Jeffrey J Goldberger, Raul D Mitrani
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Direct oral anticoagulants and Left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) were approved for use in 2010 and 2015, respectively. Data on temporal changes in stroke prevention strategies and rates of embolic complications in atrial fibrillation (AF) in the 2010s decade are limited.

Aims: Describe trends in long-term anticoagulation (AC), LAAC use, and in-hospital AF associated ischemic stroke (IS), transient ischemic attacks (TIA), and systemic embolic events (SEE) between 2010 and 2019.

Methods: The national inpatient database was used to identify patients with AF from 2010 to 2019. Data were divided into 2 eras: 2010-2014 and 2015-2019.

Results: A total of 40,787,136 inpatients with AF were identified: prevalence increased from 18,594,372 in 2010 to 2014 (46%; mean [SD] age 75.5 [12.0] years; 50.3% male) to 22,192,764 in 2015 to 2019 (54%; mean [SD] age 75.1 [11.8] years; 52.5% male). There was a marked increase in long-term AC use (27.2% to 40.2%; P=0.001) and rates of percutaneous LAAC procedures (0.01% to 0.6%; P <0.001) from 2015 to 2019. IS rates among patients with AF increased from 2010 to 2014 (3.5% to 3.8%; P=0.04), with no significant temporal change from 2015 to 2019 (P=0.84). TIA rates declined from 2010 to 2014 (1.2% to 1.0%; P=0.017) and continued a downtrend from 2015 to 2019 (0.9% to 0.7%; P=0.002). There was no temporal change in SEE or the composite outcome of all embolic events from 2010 to 2014, followed by a decline from 2015 to 2019 in SEE (0.5% to 0.4%; P 0.012) and all embolic events (5.1% to 4.8%; P 0.026) ( Figure 1 ). Mean rates of major bleeding events increased from 5.7% in 2010-2014 to 9.1% in 2015-2019 (P <0.001).

Conclusion: In an inpatient AF population, the composite outcome of all embolic events and specifically SEE downtrend from 2015 to 2019, likely due to increased AC use. Further data assessing the risk-benefit ratio of available therapies for stroke prevention in inpatients with AF - AC and LAAC - are needed to optimize personalized strategies.

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