DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.12782 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 12782: Serial Cerebral Hemodynamic Monitoring in Patients With HeartMate 3 Left Ventricular Assist Devices

Christopher G Favilla, Sarah Carter, Pavan Atluri, Navpreet Reehal, Michael Genuardi
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation improves cardiopulmonary hemodynamics and vital organ perfusion, but cerebral blood flow is not routinely measured despite the clinical significance of neurologic complications. We aimed to quantify the short and long-term impact of LVAD on cerebral hemodynamics by serially monitoring patients before and after LVAD implantation.

Hypothesis: We hypothesize that LVAD implantation improves dynamic measures of cerebral blood flow: cerebral autoregulation (CA) and cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR).

Methods: 20 patients with advanced heart failure with planned LVAD implantation participated in serial cerebral hemodynamic monitoring: (1) <72-hours pre-implant, (2) <72-hours post-implant, (3) 14-days post-implant, and (4) 90-days post-implant. Cerebral blood flow velocity was measured at each visit by transcranial Doppler. CA, quantified by Mx index , characterized the relationship between blood pressure and cerebral blood flow. CVR quantified the cerebral hemodynamic reserve, based on the response to a hypercapnic stimulus (5% inhaled CO 2 ).

Results: As compared to the pre-implant assessment, no change was noted in absolute cerebral blood flow velocity ( Figure 1a ). However, CA improved immediately post-implant (0.47 vs 0.26; p=0.0007), at 14-days (0.47 vs 0.33; p=0.007), and at 90-days (0.47 vs 0.31; p=0.03), Figure 1b . Pre-implant CVR was not significantly altered at 14-days (1.14 vs 1.70, p=0.25) but improved at 90-days (1.14 vs 2.11, p=0.03), Figure 1c .

Conclusions: Despite no change in cerebral blood flow velocity, LVAD implantation improves dynamic measures of cerebral blood flow, CA and CVR. Future studies should include longer follow-up and correlate post-LVAD cerebral hemodynamics with clinically meaningful neurologic endpoints such as stroke and cognitive decline.

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