DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.12720 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 12720: A Nationwide Multi Center Study From China, Comparing Long-Term and Standard Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Outcomes

kui jin, Jun Xu, Yue G Wang, Wen w Wang, Yuan Yuan
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: The association between the duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and patient outcomes remains largely unknown.

Hypothesis: long-term CPR (LCPR) may benefit certain group of patients.

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, data from the Chinese Emergency Triage Assessment and Treatment database 1.0 (CETAT 1.0) were utilized. The study included CA patients admitted to 14 teaching hospitals in 7 provinces between July 2015 and July 2020. Patients were categorized into SCPR and LCPR groups based on the duration of resuscitation, where SCPR referred to CPR duration less than 60 mins, and LCPR referred to CPR duration equal to or more than 60 mins. The primary outcome measured was ROSC rates between the two groups, while the secondary and tertiary outcomes was 24-hour and 7-day survival rates. A multivariate logistic regression model was employed to analyze the factors influencing ROSC between groups.

Results: A total of 529 patients were enrolled in the study, with 372 in the SCPR group and 157 in the LCPR group. Among them, 126 (33.9%) patients in the SCPR group and 56 (35.7%) in the LCPR group achieved ROSC without statistically difference between groups. Furthermore, 31 patients (8.3%) in the SCPR group and 7 patients (4.5%) in the LCPR group survived at 24 hours, while 13 patients (3.5%) in SCPR and 4 patients (2.5%) in LCPR group survived at 7 days, both without statistical difference. Factors associated with SCPR operation included Lower BMI, previous hypertension, daytime admission, hands-only compression, and ventilation. SpO2 and P ET CO2 were independent factors associated with ROSC, Moreover, in both groups higher SpO2 and P ET CO2 levels were associated with a higher rate of ROSC, suggesting that for this specific patient cohort, longer duration of CPR should be considered.

Conclusions: Longer duration of CPR may need to be emphasize for certain group of patients, particularly those with high SpO2 and PET CO2 during CPR.

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