DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.12686 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 12686: Serious Complications Occur in Patients With Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Who Develop In-Hospital Infective Endocarditis

Juan A Quintero Martinez, Moises Vasquez, Joel Mintz, Mina Iskander, Jose Luna-Alvarez-Amezquita, mohammed mustafa, Jose Noy, Juan Uribe, Joaquin Espinoza, Paola Lecompte, Carlos Alfonso, Eduardo de Marchena, Larry M Baddour
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a well-recognized treatment for severe aortic stenosis. One potentially life-threatening complication of TAVR is infective endocarditis (IE). There is limited contemporary data on the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients undergoing TAVR who develop in-hospital IE.

Aim: Describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients undergoing TAVR who develop in-hospital IE.

Methods: The National Inpatient Sample Database was queried from 2016 to 2020 for relevant ICD-10 procedural and diagnostic codes. Baseline characteristics and in-hospital outcomes of adult (≥18 years) patients undergoing TAVR who developed in-hospital IE were compared to that of patients who did not develop IE. Multivariate logistic-regression analyses adjusting for age, race, gender, and statistically significant comorbidities between cohort's were performed. A p-value <0.05 was considered significant.

Results: A total of 314,250 hospitalizations for patients undergoing TAVR were identified. Of them, 1065 (0.3%) developed in-hospital IE. Overall, mean age of IE patients was 70.3 ± 15.0. Patients were predominantly (62%) males and white (79.5%) ( Table 1) . IE patients had a higher risk of in-hospital all-cause mortality (adjusted odds ratio [95% CI]: 2.07 [1.50-2.86]), septic shock (3.73 [2.71-5.13]), acute respiratory failure (2.59 [2.19-3.06]), ischemic stroke (4.4 [3.48-5.51]), acute kidney injury (3.05 [2.61-3.57]), cardiac arrest (2.82 [1.83-4.37] and cardiogenic shock 3.70 [2.98-4.57]). All p values were <0.01.

Conclusion: Patients undergoing TAVR who develop in-hospital IE had higher in-hospital complications when compared to those of patients who did not develop IE. Although the rate of in-hospital IE was low, the number of patients identified in the NIS database was sizable and the syndrome deserves investigation due to its associated complications.

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