DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.12452 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 12452: Risk Stratification in Cardiogenic Shock Patients With Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Using Lung Computed Tomography Density and Model for Endstage Liver Disease Score

Tasuku Hada, Osamu Seguchi, Kitahata Nana, SHOTARO KOMEYAMA, Hiroki Mochizuki, Naoki Tadokoro, Satoshi Kainuma, Takuya Watanabe, Satsuki Fukushima, Yasumasa Tsukamoto
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: End-organ dysfunction often occur in patients receiving femoro-femoral veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) and it has been reported to be associated with poor prognosis. This study aimed to elucidate the ability to risk stratification in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) who received VA ECMO using lung computed tomography (CT) density and Model for End-stage Liver Disease exclude INR (MELD-XI) score.

Methods: This is a single-center retrospective observational study targeted 65 CS patients who has had available chest CT images on VA ECMO support followed by MCS escalation from 2012 to 2021. The average density of lung CT images in the lung field at the level of tracheal bifurcation was measured using region-of-interest methods. MELD-XI scores were also calculated. The primary endpoint was 180-day all cause death after MCS escalation.

Results: Twenty-two patients (34%) died within 180 days during the follow-up period [659 (78-1,544) days]. According to the Cox regression analysis higher MELD-XI scores (≥ 18) (HR; 2.68; 95% CI, 1.05-6.86; p=0.039), and higher lung CT density [≥ -481 Hounsfield unit (HU)] (HR, 5.64; 95% CI, 1.95-16.28; p=0.001) were independently associated with all cause death. Moreover, combination of both lung CT density and MELD-XI score further refine risk stratification in current patient population : group A, high lung CT density (≥-481 HU) and high MELD-XI score (≥18); group B, high lung CT density (≥-481 HU) or high MELD-XI score (≥18); and group C, low lung CT density (<-481 HU) and low MELD-XI score (<18) (group A:31.3% vs. group B:65.2% vs. group C:88.5%, log-rank p<0.001).

Conclusions: Combination of higher lung CT density and higher MELD-XI score is a useful predictor of prognosis in patients with VA ECMO requiring escalation of MCS.

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