DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.12161 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 12161: Trends in Age, Sex and Racial Differences in the Incidence of Infective Endocarditis in Florida and New York

Anderson C Anuforo, Ehimen Aneni, Emmanuel O Akintoye, Nnabuchi Anikpezie, Smit D Patel, Ayorinde Soipe, Eloho H Olojakpoke, Devin Burke, Gene Latorre, Priyank Khandelwal, Seemant Chaturvedi, Bruce Ovbiagele, Fadar O Otite
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: How the incidence of infective endocarditis (IE) changed in various demographic subgroups of the United States along with the worsening opioid epidemic over the last decade is unknown.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study used data from the 2005-2018 State Inpatient Databases of Florida and New York. Cases of incident IE were combined with census data to compute age, sex- and race-specific incidence. Joinpoint regression was used to quantify the annualized percentage change (APC) in incidence over time.

Results: Of 98,221 incident IE admissions, 70.0% were Non-Hispanic White (NHW) and 60.6% were ≥ 65 years old (yo). The average annual age and sex-standardized incidence of IE in cases/100,000 population was 19.2 (95%CI 18.7-19.6) but this varied by age, sex, and race. Incidence was ≈20% higher in men (20.9 [95%CI 20.2-21.7]) compared to women (17.5 [95%CI 16.8-18.2]) and increased with age in both sexes. Incidence was higher in Black: 22.5 (95%CI 21.0 - 23.9) vs NHW: 20.0 (95%CI 19.3 - 20.6), Hispanic: 13.2 (95%CI 12.3 -14.1) and Asian/Pacific Islander patients: 5.9 (95%CI 4.7 - 7.1). The age and sex-standardized incidence did not change over time (APC 0.5%, p=0.646). However, incidence increased in women 18-44 (APC 11.0%, p<0.001), men 18-44 (APC 7.3, p<0.001) and men 45-64 yo (APC 1.5%, p=0.002) but declined in women ≥ 65 yo(APC -2.8, p=0.049). Most of this increased incidence occurred in NHW women and men 18-44, NHW men 45-64 and Hispanic Men 18-44 yo (Figure 1). Incidence did not change over time in other age/sex groups. Prevalence of opioid use disorder increased by >2-fold in all age/sex groups over time but the pace of increase was faster in NHW women and men 18-44 yo compared to other races of similar demography (p-for-time interaction <0.001).

Conclusions: Over the last decade, among residents of Florida and New York, incidence of IE increased in several demographic groups, but the most prominent rise was among young NHW patients, especially young NHW women.

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