DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.12063 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 12063: Ad Hoc Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Insights From the PROGRESS-CTO Registry

Bahadir Simsek, Athanasios Rempakos, Spyridon Kostantinis, Judit Karacsonyi, Stephane Rinfret, Wissam Jaber, William Nicholson, sevket gorgulu, Khaldoon Alaswad, Jaikirshan Khatri, Paul Poommipanit, Nazif Aygul, Oleg Krestyaninov, Dmitrii Khelimskii, BARRY F URETSKY, OMER GOKTEKIN, Philip Dattilo, Srinivasa Potluri, Karim Al-Azizi, Deniz Mutlu, Olga C Mastrodemos, Bavana V Rangan, Salman S Allana, Yader Sandoval, M Nicholas Burke, Emmanouil S Brilakis
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Although discouraged, ad hoc chronic total occlusions (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is occasionally performed.

Methods: We examined the clinical, angiographic characteristics and procedural outcomes of patients who underwent ad hoc CTO PCI in the Prospective Global Registry for the Study of CTO Intervention (PROGRESS-CTO, NCT02061436).

Results: Of the 10,998 patients included in the registry, 899 (8.2%) underwent ad hoc CTO PCI. The incidence of ad hoc CTO PCI decreased from 18% in 2016 to 3% in 2022. Ad hoc CTO PCI patients had a lower prevalence of comorbidities and less complex angiographic characteristics demonstrated by lower J-CTO score (1.9 ± 1.2 vs 2.4 ± 1.3, p<0.001). In these patients, PROGRESS-CTO major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (1.9 ± 1.4 vs 2.5 ± 1.7), mortality (1.2 ± 1.0 vs 1.6 ± 1.1), and perforation (1.5 ± 1.2 ± 2.2 vs 1.5) scores were lower (p<0.001). Technical success was similar between the groups (86%). MACE were lower in the ad hoc CTO PCI group (0.8% vs 2.0%, p=0.009). Ad hoc CTO PCI was not associated with MACE after adjusting for potential confounders, odds ratio: 0.69 (95% confidence interval, 0.30-1.57). In patients with higher J-CTO scores, planned CTO PCI was associated with higher technical success (p<0.001) (Figure).

Conclusions: Approximately 8% of CTO PCI procedures are performed ad hoc, usually in less complex lesions and patients with lower complication risk. While ad hoc CTO PCI might be appropriate for carefully selected cases, a staged approach is recommended for most CTO PCI.

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