DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.11975 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 11975: The Multi-Ethnic Association of Aortic Valve Calcium and Long-Term Risk of Incident Severe Aortic Stenosis: Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Jelani K Grant, Kunal Jha, Natalie Marrero, Alexander C Razavi, Ellen Boakye, Khalil Anchouche, Omar Dzaye, Matthew Budoff, Sanjiv J Shah, Matthew J Czarny, Jerome I Rotter, Xiuqing Guo, Jie Yao, Roger S Blumenthal, George Thanassoulis, Wendy S Post, Michael J Blaha, Seamus P Whelton
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Racial/ethnic differences exist in the prevalence and burden of aortic valve calcium (AVC) and in the incidence of aortic stenosis (AS). While AVC is strongly associated with the long-term risk for AS, whether this association differs by race/ethnicity remains uncertain.

Hypothesis: There will be a similar absolute event rate for incident moderate to severe AS within AVC categories across race/ethnicity.

Methods: 6,812 MESA participants underwent non-contrast EKG gated CT at MESA Visit 1 and AVC was quantified using the Agatston scoring method. Adjudication of incident moderate and severe AS was defined using standard clinical criteria. We assessed the association of AVC with the combined outcome of incident moderate-severe AS stratified by race/ethnicity. We calculated the event rate per 1,000 person-years and multivariate Cox proportional hazards with log-transformed AVC as a continuous variable.

Results: The mean age was 62 years old and 47% of participants were women. Over a median follow-up of 16.7 years, there were 140 participants diagnosed with moderate AS (n=56) and severe AS (n=84). The prevalence of AVC >0 by race was 15.8% for White, 13.3% for Hispanic, 12.3% for Black, and 8.3% for Chinese participants. The rate of incident moderate-severe AS was similar across race/ethnicity when stratified by AVC, p for interaction=0.62 (Figure 1). Log-transformed AVC had a similar association with the long-term risk of moderate-severe AS regardless of race/ethnicity: White HR 1.83 (95% CI 1.63-2.05), Hispanic: HR 2.12 (95% CI 1.79-2.51), Black: HR 2.31 (95% CI 1.79-2.98), and Chinese: HR 2.14 (95% CI 1.30-4.41).

Conclusions: The association between AVC and moderate-severe AS was similar across race/ethnicity. This suggests that previously observed differences in AS by race/ethnicity may be predominantly due to the differing prevalence of AVC.

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