DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.11913 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 11913: Prognostic Value of Right Ventricular-Pulmonary Arterial Coupling in Adults With Repaired Coarctation of Aorta

Snigdha Karnakoti, Omar Abozied, Ahmed Younis, Sriharsha Kandlakunta, Marwan Ahmed, Alexander C Egbe
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction and pulmonary hypertension is present in 20% of adults with repaired coarctation of aorta (COA). However, the prognostic value of RV to pulmonary artery (RV-PA) coupling in this population is unknown.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between RV-PA coupling and clinical outcomes (heart failure hospitalization and all-cause mortality) in this population.

Methods: Retrospective cohort study of adults with repaired COA and normal RV systolic function defined as RV-free wall strain ≥-24%. RV-PA coupling was assessed using tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion/ RV systolic pressure (TAPSE/RVSP) ratio.

Results: Of 509 patients (median age 32 [20-45] years; men 290 [57%]), the average TAPSE and RVSP were 22±5 mm and 33±9 mmHg, respectively, and TAPSE/RVSP ratio was 0.78 (0.56-0.96) mm/mmHg. Of 509 patients, 51 (10%) died and 43 (8%) were hospitalized for heart failure. TAPSE/RVSP was associated with all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 0.82, 95% confidence interval 0.78-0.86, per 0.1 mm/mmHg), and heart failure hospitalization (hazard ratio 0.86, 95% confidence interval 0.79-0.83, per 0.1 mm/mmHg) after adjustment for anatomic lesions, cardiovascular interventions, comorbidities, and echocardiographic indices. The inclusion of TAPSE/RVSP ratio in the risk models improved the prognostic power of the models to predict all-cause mortality (C-statistics difference 0.046, p<0.001), and heart failure hospitalization (C-statistics difference 0.031, p=0.007).

Conclusions: TAPSE/RVSP ratio was associated with outcomes in COA patients with normal RV systolic function, suggesting that abnormal RV-PA coupling may be present prior to the onset of overt RV systolic function in this population.

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