DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.11798 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 11798: Comparison of Echocardiographic Measurements and Cardiac Biomarkers Between Neonates With Neonatal Encephalopathy Who Developed Brain Injury or Not During Therapeutic Hypothermia

Anie Lapointe, PIa Wintermark, Emmanouil Rampakakis, Jessica Simoneau, Gabriel Altit
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Despite therapeutic hypothermia (TH), many newborns with neonatal encephalopathy (NE) develop brain injury (BI). We hypothesis that newborns with NE have with brain injury have different echocardiographic (ECHO) parameters to those with no brain injury.

Aims: To compare the ECHO parameters on day of life (DOL) 2 between neonates with NE undergoing TH developing or not brain injury.

Methods: Prospective cohort study in a single tertiary unit enrolling neonate (born ≥36weeks and ≥1800 grams) undergoing TH for NE, between 2016 and 2020. All neonates presented on admission with moderate to severe NE by amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) profile and underwent a brain magnetic resonance (MRI) on DOL 2. ECHO was performed on the MRI day and data were extracted offline. Multiple logistic regression analyses were constructed to determine which parameters best predicted brain injury or not.

Results: A total of 34 neonates were recruited, of which 19 (56%) had brain injury. Those with BI had a higher gestational age (GA) at birth (39.6±1.6 vs 38.2±1.5, p=0.01) and more severe pattern on aEEG (p=0.007) (Table 1). Mortality was also more frequent. Left and right ventricular performance were similar between groups by standard ECHO measures, strain and tissue Doppler imaging (Table 2). Although TAPSE was increased in those with brain injury (p=0.04), the Z-Score accounting for GA was similar. Initial aEEG pattern was the best predictor of brain injury, when accounting for GA and ECHO parameters/biomarkers.

Conclusion: Initial aEEG pattern and not hemodynamic profile was most predictive of brain injury on MRI.

More from our Archive